Ever since his April 31 decision to scrap the legislative elections, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has been under pressure to give the population some kind of say. In a move that is contrary to the Palestinian law, which stipulates that elections should be held on the same day, the Palestinian government decided to hold local elections piecemeal.
They were confident of doing well in rural areas, while they were worried about major cities. That thinking appears to have paid off for the PLO’s main faction, the Fatah movement.
Results of the local council elections held in areas C gave Fatah a slight boost, according to election’s observer, Rima Nazal. Speaking to Al-Monitor, the member of the General Women’s Association said that “both Fatah lists and candidates close to Fatah did well in the elections of rural areas giving Fatah a small political boost.”
The biggest success for Fatah appears to have been in communities in which an uncontested list was presented. According to the Palestinian Election commission, 126 out of the 162 uncontested lists were registered as belonging to Fatah.
But despite the success in uncontested lists, the actual overall percentage of the winning politically registered lists was a mere 21%.
Hana Nasir, the chair of the Central Election Commission (CEC), told a press conference that 79% of the winners belong to independent lists. The term "independent" here refers largely to family-oriented or tribal lists that have no official political affiliation.
Suheir Ismael Faraj, a women’s activist in the Bethlehem area, told Al-Monitor that the elections were “a clear victory for tribal lists.” Faraj concedes that many heads of lists might have some political affiliations but that they ran on their family’s strength and numbers.
“Take the village of Khader where I was born,” she said. "The head of the list belongs to the largest family in our town, the Musa tribe. While politically he is affiliated with the left-wing FIDA party, he didn’t run as a representative of FIDA but as a representative of the Musa tribe.” Faraj argues that had he run as a FIDA representative, he would have lost.
Voter turnout hit 66% compared to 51% in the 2017 local council elections. Nasir said the percentage was issued after all voters who were inside polling centers were done casting their votes. The total number of voters was 268,318 out of 405,687 eligible.
The relative success of Fatah helped cement the decision to hold further local council elections in areas A & B on March 26, 2022. According to the Oslo Accords, areas A are major cities where the Palestinian government has full administrative and security control. In areas B, the Palestinians have administrative control but Israel has security control, and in areas C, Israel has both security and administrative control.
Nasir said that preparations for the second phase are proceeding. Voter registration will start on Jan. 8, while the start of the campaigning period will be March 13. Polling will take place in 66 localities, representing municipalities in Areas A and B of the West Bank, as well as all 25 localities in Gaza.”
The only unknown element in Gaza is Hamas, which officially boycotted the Dec. 12 elections to protest to the cancellation of last April’s legislative elections. But it will most likely be under pressure to go along, since no elections have taken place in Gaza since the Islamic movement won the parliamentary poll in 2007.
While local elections have been held as per the Palestinian law every four years, the big question remains when legislative and presidential elections will take place. The slight boost that the current results gave Fatah might encourage them to consider legislative elections, but a firm decision will probably not be taken until after the results of the March 26 elections.