Skip to main content

Anbar Protests Continue Amid Rumors of Foreign Support

As anti-government protests continue in Iraq, questions have arisen over the funding of demonstrations, with some accusing protesters of receiving foreign money, writes Omar al-Shaher.
Iraqi Sunni Muslims take part in an anti-government demonstration in Falluja, 50 km (31 miles) west of Baghdad, February 8, 2013. Tens of thousands of Sunni Muslims protested after Friday prayers in huge rallies against Shi'ite Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, demanding that he step down. REUTERS/Mohanned Faisal (IRAQ - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST RELIGION) - RTR3DHVK

Amid the clamor caused by the ongoing protests in Anbar province in western Iraq, which are nearing their 50th day, demonstrators have pitched huge tents and blocked traffic on the highway linking Iraq to Jordan and Syria. The protest organizers said that the main square was attracting a million people each Friday, including many participants from thousands of miles away, who require food and a place to sleep.

On one such Friday, 200 sheep were slaughtered to provide demonstrators with food. On another Friday, ​​the city of Hit, located 50 miles west of Ramadi, served demonstrators 2,000 dishes of meat and rice for lunch. The demonstration’s organizers said that Friday lunch meals can cost upwards of $60,000.

Qusay Zain, a spokesman for the protest, said that tribal leaders in Ramadi compete to serve lunch to protesters, despite the exorbitant costs. "This time, many tribal leaders in Anbar have taken honorable stances,” he said.

Rich tribal leaders in Ramadi have been involved in trade and commerce over the years, but other, less wealthy tribal leaders have also offered to provide lunch for demonstrators. In some cases, tribal leaders collect a certain amount of money from every member of their tribe over the age of 18 to finance the meals, while others covered the expenses themselves.

When leaders of the Albu Fahd tribe in Ramadi prepared a big lunch banquet for protesters and didn't require members of the tribe to pay, the governor of Anbar, a member of the tribe, was accused of indirectly funding the expenses.

The governor of Anbar is not openly involved in anti-government rallies, and he has been accused of being a close associate of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Protesters accuse Maliki of marginalizing the Sunni minority, which is a widespread population in the Iraqi province of Anbar.

In the square, conversations can be overheard speculating about funds provided to tribal leaders by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar and Turkey in order to sustain the protest.

"The fact that 200 sheep were slaughtered in a single day, by tribal leaders in Ramadi, in order to prepare a banquet for 100,000 people raises suspicions,” said one young activist. "They are certainly obtaining funds from abroad.”

In the city of Fallujah, located between Ramadi and Baghdad, an activist said that a tribal leader received funds from a Gulf country to prepare a big banquet for the sit-in. “This tribal leader wanted to prepare a banquet and found that other tribes had reserved their turn for the coming days," he said. "Thus, he paid a bribe to an influential person in the square in order to get an early date.”

Demonstrators in Ramadi mocked this story. “I swear, if Qatar had been providing money to support the protests, I would have taken some of it," said one elderly protester. "Claims about external funding are an attempt to tarnish the reputation of the protest.”

Saeed Lafei, a cleric and one of the most prominent speakers at the square, said that “the Islamic Party is accused of providing the protest with financial support from abroad, which is untrue.”

Demonstrations broke out in Anbar after Iraqi Finance Minister Rafi al-Issawi's bodyguard was arrested. Issawi is a member of the Islamic Party and comes from the city of Fallujah.

Protesters pitched 70 tents at the protest site on both sides of the highway, about 2,000 meters away from Ramadi’s city center, to offer places to sleep and logistical facilities.

“We were paying about $40 for the tent’s daily rent," said Muhannad, an activist at the protest. “We found that absurd, and decided that each group should buy its own tent, which reduced spending. Buying a tent costs us $1,000, which is equal to less than 30 days of rent.”

“Protesters finally agreed to charge each tent $400 per month in order to provide logistical requirements,” Nawfal, a civilian activist. “We need water and power, among other things. We decided to acquire them through standard procedures, after they were previously funded through donations.”

Protesters constructed small bathrooms and opened up stalls to sell snacks, tea and cigarettes. But no figures were available on the sum of money spent during the 47 days of protest.

Protesters stressed that they will continue to sleep on the highway, but they did not answer questions on how the necessary funds to sustain the protest were obtained. 

Omar al-Shaher is a contributor to Al-Monitor’s Iraq Pulse. His writing has appeared in a wide range of publications including France’s Le Monde, the Iraqi Alesbuyia magazine, Egypt’s Al-Ahaly and the Elaph website.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Free

The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.

Free

What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing
Expert

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to pro.support@al-monitor.com and we'll onboard your team.

What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial