Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri was killed in Kabul, Afghanistan, by a US drone strike, US President Joe Biden announced yesterday.
Zawahiri was a medical doctor from Egypt who became active in Egyptian Islamic Jihad in the 1980s. After being released from prison over the group’s involvement in the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Zawahiri joined al-Qaeda and was cemented as Osama bin Laden’s No. 2 in the years leading up to the 9/11 attacks. After bin Laden was killed by the US military in Pakistan in 2011, Zawahiri became the leader of al-Qaeda.
Reactions to Zawahiri’s death in the Middle East have been mixed.
The Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs said it “welcomes” Biden’s announcement in a statement today. The Gulf kingdom referred to Zawahiri as a “terrorist” responsible for the “planning and execution of heinous terrorist operations” against the United States as well as Saudi Arabia.
Al-Qaeda has carried out attacks in Saudi Arabia before, such as against the US Consulate in Jeddah in 2004.
Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid also praised the operation that killed Zawahiri.
“The world is a safer place today,” Lapid said on Twitter today.
Al-Qaeda has a limited presence in the Palestinian territories A relatively small al-Qaeda affiliate known as Tawhid al-Jihad operates in the Gaza Strip.
In Syria, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) reportedly offered its condolences over Zawahiri’s death. Leading HTS religious official Abd al Rahim Atun wrote “Rest In Peace” on an HTS Telegram channel in response to the news, the Syrian pro-rebel news outlet Enab Baladi reported today.
HTS was formerly known as Jabhat al-Nusra, which was al-Qaeda’s affiliate in the Syrian civil war. The group rebranded as HTS in 2017 and merged with several other Islamist rebel groups, formally distancing itself from al-Qaeda. Some observers allege that HTS remains affiliated with al-Qaeda, though HTS denies this.
HTS dominates the Idlib province of northwest Syria, which is one of the few remaining rebel-held areas in the country.
Jordan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs also welcomed the killing, calling Zawahiri a "terrorist."
"The killing of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization's leader represents a strong message that there is no safe place for terrorism nor terrorists," the ministry said in a statement today.
Jordan has also been attacked by al-Qaeda. In 2005, al-Qaeda in Iraq conducted bombings at three hotels in Amman, killing 60. Al-Qaeda's Iraq affiliate later became the Islamic State.
For its part, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan condemned the drone strike in Kabul in a statement. The country, which is now run by the Taliban, did not mention Zawahiri in the statement.
Zawahiri’s native Egypt did not appear to comment on his death.