Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reached a historic US-brokered peace deal on Thursday to fully normalize diplomatic relations between the two Middle Eastern nations.
Praising the breakthrough as one that will advance Middle East peace and “unlock the great potential in the region,” a joint statement released by the White House said that Israel would “suspend declaring sovereignty” over parts of the West Bank.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had pledged to annex large portions of the West Bank as outlined in the Donald Trump administration's controversial Middle East peace plan. The Emirati government hailed the accord for dealing a “death blow” to Israel’s annexation ambitions.
But those plans are reportedly still on the table. During a televised address Thursday, Netanyahu said he is "committed to annexing parts of the West Bank” and that the suspension is only temporary.
Prior to now, Israel had no formal diplomatic ties with Arab countries in the Gulf. In the coming weeks, Israeli and Emirati delegations will meet to sign bilateral agreements on investment, tourism, direct flights, security and other areas, in addition to setting up reciprocal embassies, the statement said.
The deal was sealed in a phone call Thursday between President Donald Trump, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi’s Crown Prince and de facto UAE ruler Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. The UAE and Israel will also join the United States in launching a "Strategic Agenda for the Middle East," focusing on diplomatic, trade and security cooperation.
The deal hands Trump a significant diplomatic victory heading into November’s presidential election. His Democratic opponent, former Vice President Joe Biden, hailed the milestone as one built on the “efforts of multiple administrations.”
In a statement, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called Thursday’s news a “remarkable achievement.”
The agreement, Pompeo said, “reflects their shared regional vision of an economically integrated region. It also illustrates their commitment to confronting common threats, as small — but strong — nations. … Blessed are the peacemakers. Mabruk and mazal tov.”
The accord makes the UAE only the third Arab country to normalize ties with Israel, following Egypt’s peace deal in 1979 and one with Jordan in 1994. During the Oval Office announcement on Thursday, US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman said the deal would be referred to as the Abraham Accord, named after the “father of all three great faiths."
Senior Palestinian official Hanan Ashrawi blasted the UAE on Twitter for its “secret dealings” with Israel, adding that "Israel got rewarded for not declaring openly what it’s been doing to Palestine.”