Skip to main content

Israel, Hamas swap blame for failed prisoner exchange talks

Both Hamas and Israel want to reach a prisoner exchange deal, but talks appear to be at an impasse over a group of Palestinian prisoners released in a previous exchange but later rearrested.
Palestinian Hamas militants stand guard during a rally marking Palestinian Prisoner Day, in Gaza City April 17, 2016. The sign reads, "The enemy will not know news about you unless it pays heavy prices." REUTERS/Mohammed Salem - RTX2AARA

Against the backdrop of a recent serious escalation of the security threat along Israel's southern border, Israeli media published reports on negotiations for a prisoner exchange between Israel and Hamas. Leaks about the negotiations, sourced to spokesmen from both sides, were intended to put pressure on the opposing side and to present their red lines regarding any potential deal. Both sides now share a desire to reach a deal.

Hamas is in crisis and therefore wants to show the people of Gaza that it has accomplished something. Meanwhile in Israel, the families of Hadar Goldin and Oron Shaul, soldiers killed during the 2014 Gaza war, are intensely pressuring Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the members of his government to bring that episode to an end by obtaining the return of their sons' bodies, so they can give them proper burials.

Talk about a potential prisoner exchange has been coupled with the tightening of Israel's closure policy toward Gaza as well as toward Hamas prisoners in Israel. All of this is intended to coerce Hamas to agree to Israel's terms for a deal. The result thus far, however, has been an escalation in tensions in the south, culminating in the firing of a rocket at Israel and the bombing of dozens of Hamas targets by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in retaliation on Feb. 6.

Since the conclusion of Operation Protective Edge against Gaza in 2014, Israel has said that it will not release hundreds of Palestinian prisoners in exchange for the bodies of Goldin and Shaul. Hamas, however, is demanding that the deal be broad and comprehensive and that the release of the two fallen soldiers and two Israeli civilians who crossed into Gaza, Avraham Mengistu and Hisham al-Sayyad, depends on the Palestinian prisoners released. Amos Harel of Haaretz reported on Feb. 2 that Israel has a bargaining chip of its own in its negotiations with Hamas: It holds Bilal Ruzaina, the emotionally disturbed brother of Mustafa Ruzaina, head of internal security for Hamas in the northern part of the Gaza Strip, and a proposal for a prisoner exchange on humanitarian grounds has been relayed to Hamas.

In an interview with Al-Monitor, a senior Hamas official in Gaza who requested anonymity and is involved in the prisoner issue said that the details published to date are “disinformation.” For about a year, he said, all contacts on the issue have been deadlocked, because of one condition that Hamas considers essential to any deal. “We are steadfast in our demand for the release of the 54 Shalit deal detainees. Without that, there is nothing to talk about and no way to proceed,” the official declared. The detainees were released as part of the 2011 exchange for the IDF soldier Gilad Shalit but rearrested after the abduction and murder of three Israeli teens in the Etzion settlement bloc in 2014.

He said that all rumors and leaks surrounding a prisoner exchange on humanitarian grounds or proposals to ease the closure of Gaza were intended to hide the real essence of the talks. He also claimed that Israel is trying to conceal this information from the Israeli public, including the families of the fallen soldiers and the detained civilians, so that it can blame Hamas for the failure of the talks to this point.

The same source said that the logic behind the demand is that Hamas wants to ensure that if one deal or other is reached, and Palestinian prisoners are released from prison, “Israel will not be able to launch a raid and arrest them again … and in so doing, erase the movement's achievement. I am telling you this in no uncertain terms, without being vague or coming up with excuses. If Israel accepts our precondition and releases everyone it arrested illegally, counter to the agreement we reached regarding the release of Gilad Shalit, we can then enter into sensible negotiations.”

According to the Hamas official, Israel told the various intermediaries between the parties that following a “small” deal in which Mengistu and Sayyad are released, Israel would then be willing to proceed to a second stage, in which Palestinian prisoners are released, the bodies of the Israeli soldiers are returned, and a significant easing of the closure is implemented. He explained, “Israel told us, ‘We are only prepared to release the Shalit deal detainees as part of a [new] deal.’ But it makes no sense to enter into new discussions about prisoners who were already released [in the past]. That is unacceptable, not only to the senior leadership of Hamas, but also to the Palestinian public in Gaza and the West Bank, who would consider that an act of surrender to Israel. If Israel releases the prisoners who were already released once, we will be able to enter into talks about a deal in which the [civilian and military] prisoners are released.”

In a conversation with Al-Monitor, another senior Hamas source who also requested anonymity and is identified with the movement's more hawkish wing in Gaza, said that in an effort to force Hamas to agree to its terms, Israel is trying to make things difficult for Hamas and for Gaza residents and is making conditions more difficult for prisoners held by Israel. He added that these moves, which are being kept from the Israeli public, are what exacerbated tensions last week.

The source emphasized that the tensions, which almost led to another military clash with Israel, are in no way connected to the internal election now underway in the Hamas movement or Hamas' effort at reconciliation with Egypt. “Israel knows that all the major Palestinian factions are committed to a cease-fire, but there are still people who want to interfere with the current situation and bring the two sides into conflict. Israel is jumping on this and making a big mess, for us and for itself,” he said.

As for reconciliation between Hamas and Egypt, the same source said, “There are things they [the Egyptians] don't like about Hamas, but they eventually reached the conclusion that in their conflict with Hamas, they come out the losers. Now they want to turn over a new leaf.” He remarked that the Egyptian leadership has received reports that the Palestinians in Gaza are furious with Egypt and blame it for the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Gaza. “They [the Egyptians] also realize that if they want to resolve the [Islamic terror] problem in the Sinai, they must first reconcile with Hamas.”

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Already a Member? Sign in


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial
What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

Already a Member? Sign in

Palestine Briefing Palestine Briefing

Palestine Briefing

Top Palestine stories in your inbox each week

Trend Reports

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (4th R) attends a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping (3rd L) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on February 22, 2019. (Photo by HOW HWEE YOUNG / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read HOW HWEE YOUNG/AFP via Getty Images)

From roads to routers: The future of China-Middle East connectivity

A general view shows the solar plant in Uyayna, north of Riyadh, on March 29, 2018. - On March 27, Saudi announced a deal with Japan's SoftBank to build the world's biggest solar plant. (Photo by FAYEZ NURELDINE / AFP) (Photo credit should read FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP via Getty Images)

Regulations on Middle East renewable energy industry starting to take shape

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial