The Hebron governorate, in the southern West Bank, has joined the action in the intifada that erupted in early October. Participation of the residents of the Hebron area was expected, given its long record in pioneering the Israeli-Palestinian clashes in the two previous intifadas, in 1987 and 2000.
Hebron is the largest West Bank city, and its population is estimated at between 200,000 and 270,000 people. The Israeli army has closed many parts of the city and deployed its troops there; it controls 20% of Hebron’s surface area as per the 1998 Wye River Memorandum between the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Israel. The city is bordered by several Israeli settlements, mainly the Kiryat Arba settlement. Hebron accommodates around 850 settlers.