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The collapse of Maliki’s party

Outgoing Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has failed to keep his party and coalition together, through his nondemocratic approaches, while the new Prime Minister-designate Haider al-Abadi vowed to preserve the national consensus.
Nuri al-Maliki (C), acting Defence Minister Saadoun al-Dulaimi (2nd R) and Lieutenant General Abboud Qanbar (L) attend the funeral ceremony of Gen. Majid Abdul Salam, at the defence ministry in Baghdad August 13, 2014. Gen. Majid Abdul Salam was the pilot of the Iraqi army helicopter carrying aid and evacuating displaced members of the Yazidi minority in northern Iraq that crashed on Tuesday, in an accident that also wounded passengers, a government spokesman said.  REUTERS/Stringer (IRAQ - Tags: CIVIL UNRE
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Outgoing Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki never thought that his strong and cohesive parliamentary bloc, the State of Law Coalition, would weaken so easily and that his internal and external allies would leave him and follow another political path. The efforts that Maliki has been deploying for many years to remain in power for a third term faded within hours. He was shocked when his fellow partisan Haider al-Abadi was designated to form a government, without his prior knowledge, which ultimately forced him to accept the loss and renounce his position on Aug. 14.

Although Maliki came to power following a democratic process, he followed a nondemocratic approach in building his internal and external relationships and coalitions. He exerted a significant effort to undermine the major competing coalitions, most notably the Iraqiya List coalition led by Ayad Allawi, which won more votes in the 2010 parliamentary elections than the State of Law Coalition. Maliki also extended his authority over the judiciary and the legislature using arbitrary methods, by limiting the powers and positions of influence to figures loyal to him within these two branches.

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