Skip to main content

Shiite leaders gather in Baghdad to break political deadlock

In order to break the political deadlock resulting from Iraq's recent elections, Shiite leaders gathered to find a solution to forming the next government.
Muqtada al-Sadr, Iraqi militia leader and Shiite Muslim cleric, gives a news conference in the central holy shrine city of Najaf, on Nov. 18, 2021.

Leaders of Shiite political parties gathered in Baghdad at the home of Fatah Alliance leader Hadi al-Amiri on Dec. 2 to discuss solutions to the country's political deadlock resulting from the Oct. 10 elections.

The election results divided the Shiite political scene into two main camps: the Sadrist movement with 72 seats, and the Coordination Framework (the CR, a coordinative body for a group of Shiite political parties), with 59 seats.

The CF consists of Nouri al-Maliki's State of Law (33 seats); Fatah Alliance (17 seats), which is the political wing of the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU); Aqd al-Watani Coalition (4 seats); Haider al-Abadi's Nasr Coalition (2 seats); Ammar al-Hakim's Hikma bloc (2 seats); and Kataib Hezbollah's Huqooq movement (1 seat).

Muqtada al-Sadr has declared victory and is calling for a majority government, which means the CF will not be a part of the new government. The CF opposes the election results and is calling for a consensual government including it and Sadr.

Today’s meeting is the first of its kind, as it includes all Shiite political party leaders under one roof.

It is also historical because it brings together foes and rivals who have not met for over a decade.

Sadr, who traveled from the city of Najaf to attend the meeting, was seated between the State of Law's Maliki and Asaib Ahl al-Haq head Qais Khazali.

Maliki has been in conflict with Sadr since the 2010 elections when Sadr tried to form a coalition against him to prevent a second Maliki term.

Khazali split from the Sadrist movement in July 2006 to form the Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq militia.

Several initiatives arose in the past to bring all Shiite political parties under one entity, but they all failed.

In 2002, the Iraq Shiite Declaration, proposed by Ahmad Chalabi, aimed to unite Iraqi Shiite leaders and form a united view for the future of Iraq. The initiative did not last long due to the competition over political benefits following the fall of the Baath Regime.

Following 2003, there were several attempts to form the Shiite House, a political entity proposed by Chalabi as well to bring all Shiite leaders under one umbrella. This did not last long for the same reason mentioned above.

The CF was another initiative, and Sadr abandoned it last year. It has become mostly an entity for the political parties affiliated with the PMU and related military factions.

Sadr read the CF's call for protests against the election results as an attempt to stop him from forming a majority government according to the electoral merits. The protests eventually turned violent on Nov. 5, leading to two dead and hundreds wounded.

Sadr has reacted vigorously, calling for the complete removal of militias and insisting on a majority government or he will abandon the next government.

Meanwhile, the assassination attempt against Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi added fuel to the fire.

After releasing the investigation reports on those two incidents — the violence against the protesters and the assassination attempt — but with no finger-pointing at any specific party, tensions lowered, making way for today’s meeting.

No initiatives are expected to arise from this meeting, as it is only an attempt to break the ice.

But it can be the first step in Shiites reaching an agreement followed by negotiations with Sunnis and Kurds to form the next government.

In order to find a solution, the Prime Minister Mustafa Kadhimi, President Barham Salih and Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Council Faiq Zaidan gathered last week to discuss an initiative that has not yet been released to the public.

The series of recent events and the sharp division between the two main Shiite groups indicate clearly that there are miles to go before an agreement is reached on forming the new government.

This is also evident when comparing the statements of the two camps following today's meeting.

The CF's statement focused on protecting the PMU, expelling foreign forces and criminalizing normalization with Israel.

The Sadrists' statement focused twice on the necessity of forming a “national majority government.”

Sadr tweeted immediately after the meeting that “Neither Eastern nor Western, but rather a National Majority Government."

Yet while the meeting between the two Shiite rival groups is an important step toward a political solution, there is a long way toward an agreement between the two parties on the formation of next government.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Already a Member? Sign in


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial
What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

Already a Member? Sign in

The Middle East in your inbox Insights in your inbox.

Deepen your knowledge of the Middle East

Trend Reports

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (4th R) attends a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping (3rd L) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on February 22, 2019. (Photo by HOW HWEE YOUNG / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read HOW HWEE YOUNG/AFP via Getty Images)

From roads to routers: The future of China-Middle East connectivity

A general view shows the solar plant in Uyayna, north of Riyadh, on March 29, 2018. - On March 27, Saudi announced a deal with Japan's SoftBank to build the world's biggest solar plant. (Photo by FAYEZ NURELDINE / AFP) (Photo credit should read FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP via Getty Images)

Regulations on Middle East renewable energy industry starting to take shape

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial