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Libya’s uncertain path to elections

Despite a political process that appears on track, the risk of conflict from foreign forces still in the country remains high.
Members of Libya's parliament attend the swearing in ceremony for the country's new interim prime minister in the eastern Libyan city of Tobruk on March 15, 2021, after years of chaos and division.

Libya is set to hold elections Dec. 24 in line with the provisions of the political road map approved by the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum in November. However, significant challenges remain that could prevent the holding of elections and derail the country’s political and institutional reunification — risking long-term entrenchment of foreign forces and mercenaries, further fragmentation and a return to conflict. 

Libya’s Higher National Elections Commissions set July 1 as a deadline for meeting all the constitutional and legal requirements for elections to be held by the end of the year. However, disagreements between key political stakeholders and institutions persist and pose a significant threat to the process.

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