Skip to main content

Turkish-Armenian lawmaker threatened over genocide remarks

A criminal complaint was filed against Turkish lawmaker Umit Ozdag after he threatened Garo Paylan, an Armenian deputy with the Peoples’ Democratic Party, over remarks regarding the Armenian genocide.
Armenian lawmaker from the pro-Kurdish HDP party Garo Paylan speaks during an interview on Oct. 12, 2020, in Istanbul. Despite keeping a low profile since the fighting started in Nagorno-Karabakh, members of the tiny Armenian community of Turkey feel under pressure and fear being targeted for any perceived support of Armenia amid Ankara's vociferous backing of Azerbaijan.

ISTANBUL — Turkey’s Human Rights Association (IHD) filed a criminal complaint Tuesday against independent lawmaker Umit Ozdag over threats toward Garo Paylan, an Armenian deputy with the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP), following remarks Paylan shared on Twitter regarding the Armenian genocide.

The news comes as tensions remain high in Turkey following Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day on April 24, during which US President Joe Biden broke with his predecessors and recognized the 1915 mass killing of up to 1.5 million Armenians by Ottomans as genocide in a statement, putting further strain on US-Turkey relations.

On Saturday, Paylan shared a tweet criticizing the fact that streets and schools in Turkey are currently named after Talaat Pasha, a leading architect of the Armenian genocide who served as the Ottoman Empire’s interior minister at the time of the events, comparing the situation to schools being named after Adolf Hitler in Germany.

The message drew anger from Turkish nationalists. Ozdag quoted the tweet Tuesday, calling Paylan a “shameless, provocative man” and threatening him with the same fate met by Armenians at the end of the Ottoman era.

“If you are not content, go to hell,” Ozdag wrote in the tweet. “Talaat Pasha did not expel the patriotic Armenians but expelled the ones like you who stabbed us in the back. When the time comes, you will and should also have a Talaat Pasha experience."

In a separate tweet, Ozdag also referred to Paylan as a "vicious enemy of the Turkish nation." Paylan responded by calling Ozdag a “fascist” in a social media spat that stirred controversy among observers and commentators. Both Ozdag and Paylan did not respond immediately to requests for comment.

Ozdag’s remarks were condemned as “racism” by Eren Keskin, a prominent lawyer and co-chair of the IHD, who Tuesday announced the organization would file a complaint against the lawmaker. The complaint accuses Ozdag of making threats and “provoking public hatred and hostility” under Turkish law, as well as discrimination under the European Convention of Human Rights.

“He threatened to do what Talaat did,” Keskin told Al-Monitor. “Ozdag made a death threat toward Garo Paylan. That threat was an extension of the genocide.”

Keskin added, “Our main expectation is to take this complaint to international platforms. We did our duty by filing this complaint in order to make sure such genocidal remarks do not go unpunished.”

Paylan also filed a criminal complaint Wednesday alleging Ozdag committed the crimes of "incitement to commit a crime," "incitement to public hatred and enmity," and "insult and threat."

The developments come after Paylan submitted a law proposal to the Turkish parliament last week for the recognition of the Armenian genocide. The Turkish government rejects definitions of the 1915 mass killings as genocide, with most lawmakers arguing Armenian casualties were part of a greater World War I era conflict, in contradiction to conclusions reached by most historians.

On Wednesday, the Turkish parliament approved a declaration condemning and rejecting Biden’s genocide remarks with support from most opposition parties, though the HDP voted against it as a party known to focus on minority rights in Turkey.

In the fallout from Biden’s genocide recognition, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Monday his US counterpart’s remarks were “baseless, unjust and untrue.” While some Turkey analysts told Al-Monitor they did not expect harsh responses beyond rhetorical statements regarding Biden’s declaration, many Turkish politicians condemned the move and called for more action from leaders in Ankara.

Erdogan ally and ultra-right Nationalist Movement Party Chair Devlet Bahceli said US-Turkey ties were at a “historical crossroads” Tuesday, adding Ankara should activate the Russian-made S-400 missile systems it acquired in 2019 and retrieve lost investments in NATO’s F-35 fighter jet program, from which Turkey was expelled following the purchase.

In addition, IYI Party Chair Meral Aksener criticized Erdogan Wednesday for not taking a harsher stance against the United States.

“The Turkish nation is waiting for a step from you,” Aksener said, going on to suggest Ankara should restrict US access to air force bases used to launch operations in the region.

Meanwhile, groups and organizations that made statements sympathizing with Armenians or supporting Biden’s remarks have faced backlash in Turkey. Among several cases, Turkish prosecutors launched an investigation Monday into the Diyarbakir Bar Association over its statements made on Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day.

“The Turkish republic's official ideology is based on the denial of the genocide, and the legal system has been designed accordingly,” Keskin told Al-Monitor.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Already a Member? Sign in


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial
What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

Text Alerts - Be the first to get breaking news, exclusives, and PRO content.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

Already a Member? Sign in

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial