Skip to main content

Turkey, proxy fighters accused of 'illegally transferring' Syrians for prosecution

Human Rights Watch documented the transfer of at least 63 Syrians to Turkey for prosecution on charges including membership in a terrorist group.
Members of the "Syrian National Army", an alliance of Turkey-backed rebel groups, ride in an armoured personnel carrier (APC) in the town of Sarmin, about 8 kilometres southeast of the city of Idlib in northwestern Syria, on February 24, 2020, as they take part in a military offensive on the village of Nayrab following an artillery barrage fired by Turkish forces. (Photo by Omar HAJ KADOUR / AFP) (Photo by OMAR HAJ KADOUR/AFP via Getty Images)

Turkey and its proxy forces in Syria have arrested and forcibly transferred dozens of Syrians to Turkey to face trial under the “most dubious and vaguest of charges,” Human Rights Watch said in a report on Wednesday. 

Turkish authorities and the Turkey-backed Syrian National Army (SNA) detained at least 63 Arab and Kurdish Syrians between October and December 2019 in Ras al-Ain, the New York-based rights group said. The detainees were then transferred to Turkey and charged under the Turkish penal code, despite their alleged crimes taking place in Syria.

The charges include “undermining the unity and territorial integrity of the state, membership in a terrorist organization and murder.” In October, five of the 63 Syrians were sentenced to life in prison without parole, according to the report. The trials of the other defendants are ongoing and they remain in detention.

“Not only have these Syrians been illegally transferred to Turkey for abusive prosecutions, but in an extraordinarily cruel move, the courts have imposed the highest sentence possible in Turkey — life without parole,” said Michael Page, HRW's deputy Middle East director. 

Turkey took control of parts of northern Syria in an invasion that was sparked by President Donald Trump’s sudden decision in October 2019 to pull US troops from the region. Turkey deployed the SNA to push from its southern border the US-backed Kurdish fighters considered terrorists by Ankara. 

“Turkish authorities, as an occupying power, are required to respect people’s rights under the law of occupation in northeastern Syria,” said Page. 

The SNA, formerly known as the Free Syrian Army, consists of both moderate Syrian rebels who formerly fought the Syrian regime and hard-line factions. During the 2019 Turkish incursion into Syria, the SNA was implicated in a series of disturbing videos documenting torture and extrajudicial killings, including the roadside execution of prominent female politician Hevrin Khalaf. 

The US State Department as well as human rights groups have accused the Turkey-backed group of widespread human rights abuses including kidnapping, torture and rape in the multi-ethnic Syrian city of Afrin and the surrounding areas. 

In September, a group of United Nations war crimes investigators accused the SNA of killing and maiming civilians with IEDs as well as pillaging and appropriating private land in Kurdish areas. The investigators said the group’s transfers of Syrian nationals could constitute the war crime of unlawful deportation. 

Ankara has previously said it would investigate any potential human rights violations committed by the SNA. HRW said Turkish commanders who knew or should have known about crimes committed by their proxy forces can also be held criminally liable.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Free

The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.

Free

What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing
Expert

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to pro.support@al-monitor.com and we'll onboard your team.

What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial