Skip to main content

Congress passes annual defense spending bill mandating sanctions on Turkey

Trump has vowed to veto the bill, which includes a mandate for the administration to sanction Turkey over the S-400.

The United States Senate on Friday passed the annual defense spending bill with a veto-proof majority, setting up a fight with President Donald Trump, who has threatened to knock down the legislation.

The 2021 National Defense Authorization Act cleared the Senate 84-13 after House lawmakers approved it 335-78 earlier this week.

The bill includes a provision to force the US administration to enact long-awaited sanctions on Turkey within 30 days of the bill becoming law over the NATO ally’s purchase and test of the Russian S-400 missile defense system.

Reuters reported Thursday that the administration is preparing to sanction the Turkish government’s defense procurement agency, and possibly its chief, Ismail Demir, in a sign the Trump White House may be laying groundwork in case it loses the veto fight.

The 2021 defense bill also includes legislation introduced by Sens. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., and Chris Coons, D-Del., that would lock in the minimum US military aid to Israel at $3.3 billion per year through 2028.

The bill also includes measures aimed at increasing Congress’ oversight of US military support to countries participating in the Saudi-led coalition in the Yemen war, and would require the incoming Biden administration to report on its efforts to support the United Nations in ending the conflict and reducing civilian harm.

The new defense bill also would require the defense secretary to certify to congress that no US military forces have been used for the extraction, transport, transfer or sale of oil from Syria, and to report on the progress, objectives and costs of Operation Spartan Shield — the US military’s partnership program with Middle Eastern and Central Asian countries, which is aimed at pushing back on Iran’s regional influence.

Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., delayed the vote with a filibuster Thursday evening due to his opposition to a bipartisan provision that would require the administration to submit an interagency report before the president can reduce the US military’s presence in Afghanistan below 8,000 troops.

The Pentagon already announced last month that it will bring home roughly half of the 5,000 troops currently in Afghanistan by mid-January on orders from Trump.

The bill heads next to Trump's desk. The president has said he will veto it if it does not include a provision nullifying a law that protects social media companies from liability. It does not include such a measure.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial