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Will Juba Agreement achieve peace in Sudan?

In a joyful atmosphere and with regional and international participation, the Juba peace agreement was finally signed between Sudan and a number of armed factions at Freedom Square in Juba, the capital of South Sudan.
South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (C), South Sudan's opposition leader Riek Machar (R) and Sudan's deputy head of the Transitional Military Council Mohamed Hamdan Daglo "Hemeti" sit after their peace agreement meeting at the State House in Juba, South Sudan, on December 16, 2019. (Photo by Majak Kuany / AFP) (Photo by MAJAK KUANY/AFP via Getty Images)

CAIRO — The Sudanese government and several armed groups signed the Juba peace agreement Oct. 3. The agreement had been postponed several times, but the signing ceremony was finally held at Freedom Square in Juba, the capital of neighboring South Sudan, in a joyful atmosphere and in the presence of regional and international figures including the presidents of Somalia, Chad and Djibouti, along with the prime ministers of Egypt and Ethiopia, the US envoy to North Sudan and South Sudan, and representatives from several other countries.

The Juba Agreement includes eight principles related to issues of land ownership, the system in Sudan being divided into districts instead of states, transitional justice and compensation, the development of the nomadic and pastoral sector, the sharing of wealth, and the development of the Darfur district and other marginalized ones in order to join other districts that have experienced development and power-sharing, in addition to the return of refugees and displaced persons to their homes. At the security level, the agreement underlined the need to integrate the fighters of the armed movements and factions that signed the agreement into Sudan’s national army.

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