Skip to main content

Ankara sit-in demands justice for pro-Kurdish bloc

Kurdish politicians are staging peaceful sit-in outside Ankara's Constitutional Court to protest the rampant jailing of pro-Kurdish lawmakers and politicians.
Pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) lawmakers hold a sit-in to protest against detention of lawmakers, outside the Constitutional Court in Ankara, Turkey June 16, 2017. REUTERS/Umit Bektas - RC16564D3C40

As Turkey’s top Kurdish lawmakers continue to rot in jail over thinly documented terror charges, fellow politicians have launched a sit-in outside the Constitutional Court in Ankara to protest their plight.

Osman Baydemir, a spokesman for the country’s largest pro-Kurdish bloc, the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), said, “There is one reason that we are gathering outside the Constitutional Court today. … It is to demand justice.”

Baydemir noted that HDP Co-chair Selahattin Demirtas and 10 other HDP lawmakers have spent “306 days being unlawfully held hostage under orders from the [government].” The move is the latest in a series of peaceful protests organized by the HDP to raise awareness over the imprisonment of its parliamentarians and hundreds of other pro-Kurdish politicians, including 85 popularly elected mayors.

One of the HDP lawmakers taking part in the sit-in said the Constitutional Court had “failed in its duties of overseeing the fair conduct and implementation of justice in the country.” Meral Danis Bestas told Al-Monitor, “We have two appeals pending with the Constitutional Court. The first is related to the May 2016 stripping of the parliamentary immunity of our elected members. The other is to do with their November 2016 arrests. The Constitutional Court has yet to deliver its opinion and we demand to know why it’s taking so long.” The HDP wants to take the cases to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg but cannot do so until the Constitutional Court rules on them. “The delay seems like a deliberate attempt to delay justice,” Bestas said.

Justice has been in ever shorter supply ever since Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) imposed emergency rule in the wake of last summer's failed coup. The government has used these powers to jail tens of thousands, most over alleged links with the putschists. But emergency rule has also served as cover to crush the HDP and its affiliates and to erase all manifestations of Kurdish nationalist identity in the provinces and districts they ran in the mainly Kurdish southeast region.

Demirtas, who was arrested on Nov. 3 last year on charges of establishing and leading a terrorist organization, among others, faces up to 142 years in prison for allegedly instigating violence that resulted in the deaths of four Kurdish youths in Diyarbakir in September 2014. The youths, thought to be sympathetic to the pro-Islamic party Huda-Par, were killed during mass protests that erupted in the city over the government’s perceived complicity with the Islamic State when the jihadis laid siege to the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani.

Demirtas is being tried in 20 other cases for allegedly insulting President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the Republic of Turkey, and for resisting laws regulating public protests. Turkey’s most popular Kurdish politician is among Erdogan’s biggest bêtes noires for opposing his now fulfilled ambitions of scrapping Turkey’s parliamentary system in favor of an executive presidency during the June 2015 parliamentary elections.

With his biting wit, youthful good looks and calls for a democratic and united Turkey, Demirtas won over hundreds of thousands of non-HDP voters who helped to propel the HDP into the parliament for the first time in 2015. The AKP lost its parliamentary majority, another first since catapulting to power in 2002. A furious Erdogan sabotaged his own party’s attempts to forge a governing coalition, forcing a new round of elections in November 2015. The AKP handily won these thanks in no small part to the collapse in July of a 2½-year cease-fire that had been mutually observed by Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) rebels and security forces.

The government has since been demonizing Demirtas and the HDP, casting them as pawns of the PKK. Prominent human rights lawyer Erdal Dogan believes the end goal is to strip Demirtas of his parliamentary seat. “They want to defang him,” he told Al-Monitor.

Three HDP members, including Co-chair Figen Yuksekdag, who is also in jail, have already been stripped of their seats.

The most prominent case against Demirtas, over the Kobani riots, remains bogged down in intrajudicial squabbles. As a result, Demirtas has not yet appeared in court. Mahsuni Karaman, who is representing Demirtas, said, “Nobody wants to prosecute Demirtas because the sin is too great.”

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Already a Member? Sign in


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial
What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

Text Alerts - Be the first to get breaking news, exclusives, and PRO content.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

Already a Member? Sign in

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial