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How the nuclear deal will help Iran's economy

While a comprehensive nuclear deal is not yet final, the psychological boost of the famework deal and prospects of an end to sanctions are already placing Iran in a better position to materialize its economic potential.
An employee works at the Iran Alloy Steel Company (IASCO)'s plant in the central Iranian city of Yazd on April 6, 2015. AFP PHOTO / ATTA KENARE        (Photo credit should read ATTA KENARE/AFP/Getty Images)
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An old Iranian proverb that has been borrowed from the poet Sheikh Bahai reads, “A good year can be recognized through its spring time.” Well, emotionally, the Iranian New Year started with a major boost, when it was announced April 2 that Iran and six world powers had identified solutions that could provide the basis for a comprehensive nuclear agreement. Street celebrations and a hero’s welcome extended to the nuclear negotiating team were all expressions of the positive psychological impact of the announcement. Furthermore, the Iranian rial strengthened in trading on April 4 (the first full working day after the New Year holidays), indicating a more optimistic outlook for the country’s business community.

Of course, the comprehensive deal is not final yet and both sides have agreed to negotiate the details of a final deal in the next few months with the hopes that a comprehensive agreement can be achieved by June 30. Below I will examine the outlook for some of the economic indicators based on the assumption that the two sides will manage to agree on a comprehensive deal that will lead to the lifting of the key economic and financial sanctions by the end of 2015. I believe that the bottleneck of sequencing of steps and the pace of sanctions relief can be resolved through commitments from both sides within a UN Security Council resolution. Evidently, one can also think of more pessimistic outcomes, but the regional situation is too fluid to contemplate all possible scenarios. Focusing on one will allow us to understand the economic dynamics of a potential comprehensive agreement.

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