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Is Turkey’s export-driven growth sustainable?

Turkey’s industry remains heavily reliant on imported materials, meaning the country’s current account deficit problem persists despite a record increase in exports.
A container ship sails to marmara sea on Dec. 18, 2019 in Istanbul.
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A big uptick in exports was a major driver of the Turkish economy’s 21.7% growth rate in the second quarter, but how much Turkey could sustain the trend is open to question as its producers remain heavily reliant on imported inputs and appear to have benefited from an unlikely silver lining of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The massive growth rate, announced earlier this month, owed much to the strong base effect from the second quarter of 2020 when the economy shrank by more than 10%, but there was clearly a growth momentum as well, marked by an increase in exports. While the revival of domestic demand contributed nearly 14 percentage points to the expansion, exports contributed almost 11 points. New investments stood out as another driver, fueled by the depletion of stocks during the pandemic. Yet the revival of the industry produced also some headwinds, namely an increased need for imported materials. Hence, imports rose as well and the contribution of net exports to growth was about 7 percentage points.

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