Mohammed Dahlan is known for his expertise in raising funds from leaders of the Gulf states for Palestinian residents of Gaza Strip and West Bank refugee camps. The loyal associates of the Gaza-born politician and former senior member of Fatah call themselves Jamaat Abu Fadi — that is, Abu Fadi’s group, using his Arabic honorific. They recount proudly how he charms emirs, princes and oil tycoons in the Gulf principalities and mobilizes their assistance for his people, primarily the 2 million Gaza residents now suffering under an Israeli and Egyptian siege of more than a decade.
Dahlan's opponents, loyalists of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, claim that his fundraising for the refugee camps is designed to strengthen Dahlan’s standing and garner sufficient support for him to replace Abbas when the time comes. Nevertheless, Abbas has not dared block the funds raised by his rival for West Bank refugee camps, lest he be accused of harming West Bank residents just to poke Dahlan in the eye. Meanwhile, Gaza's Hamas rulers credit Dahlan with the successful reconciliation between the Islamist group and Egypt, restored deliveries of diesel and other fuel from Egypt to Gaza and grants for infrastructure improvements, as well as aid for the needy, help for young couples, arrangements for mass weddings and housing assistance.