Skip to main content

Hamas upholds executions against three Palestinian ‘collaborators’ in Gaza

Rights organizations have repeatedly condemned Hamas for issuing and carrying out death sentences without the approval of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
Members of the Palestinian security forces stand guard outside the Legislative Council building.

A military court affiliated with the Islamist Hamas movement in the Gaza Strip upheld on Tuesday death sentences issued against three Palestinians accused of collaborating with Israel.

The Ministry of Interior in Gaza said on its website that the defendants were found guilty of “communicating with hostile foreign entities” in violation of Article 131 of the Palestinian Penal Code of 1979.

It remains unclear when the initial death sentences were issued.

One of the defendants is a 67-year-old man from the northern Gaza Strip who was arrested in February 2015 for allegedly spying for Israel. According to the ministry, the man, who was not identified, was recruited by Israeli intelligence in 1997 to provide them with information on Hamas members and their positions in the enclave. He was sentenced to death by hanging.

The second man, a 44-year-old from Khan Yunis in southern Gaza, allegedly began working with Israel in 2000 and provided Israeli intelligence with information on Hamas and its tunnels network. The ministry said the defendant was also asked by Israel to open a car dealership in Gaza in order to sell Hamas members cars equipped with listening devices. He was also sentenced to death by hanging.

The last defendant, 36, also from Khan Yunis, was sentenced to death by firing squad after he was found guilty of working with Israel since 2011 and providing it with sensitive security and military intelligence during the two wars on Gaza in 2012 and 2014.

The court has yet to set a date to carry out the executions.

Hamas has issued numerous death sentences since taking control of Gaza after the 2007 Palestinian split. Dozens of death sentences have also been carried out since then.

Human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned Hamas’ actions as violating Palestinian law, which prohibits the execution of any death penalty without the approval of the president.

According to the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR), Hamas-controlled courts in Gaza have issued 194 death sentences since 2007 and carried out 33 of them.

Hamas executed five men in September 2022 — three were convicted of murder and two of collaborating with Israel. The executions were the first since 2017.

On Wednesday, the PCHR reported that a man accused of killing another man during a family dispute was sentenced to death. While also condemning crimes of murder, the organization said perpetrators must receive fair trials.

“The death penalty is not the only [means] to achieve justice or deter crimes,” it added in a statement.

The Palestinian Authority (PA) last carried out five death sentences in 1995. Since then, no executions have occurred in the West Bank. In March 2019, Palestine joined the 1989 UN Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which aims to abolish the death penalty.

In a separate development on Tuesday, the body of a Palestinian fisherman was found off the coast of Gaza City days after he went missing at sea. According to the Palestinian Naval Police in Gaza, Rami Ezzat Bakr went missing on Saturday after his boat was struck by an Egyptian gunboat near the maritime borders with Egypt in the south. Another fisherman who was on board the boat sustained injuries in the incident and was moved to a hospital in Rafah, according to local reports.

Egypt has yet to comment on the news.

According to the Gazan Fishermen's Syndicate, around 4,500 fishermen from Gaza are subject to almost daily attacks, including arrests and shootings, by the Egyptian and Israeli navies under the pretext of fishing outside the designated zone. As part of its siege on Gaza, Israel has restricted the fishing area for Gazans to about 12 nautical miles.

In September 2020, two Palestinian fishermen were killed and another injured after the Egyptian navy shot at their boat off the coast of the southern city of Rafah.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Already a Member? Sign in


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial
What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

Already a Member? Sign in

Palestine Briefing Palestine Briefing

Palestine Briefing

Top Palestine stories in your inbox each week

Trend Reports

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (4th R) attends a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping (3rd L) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on February 22, 2019. (Photo by HOW HWEE YOUNG / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read HOW HWEE YOUNG/AFP via Getty Images)

From roads to routers: The future of China-Middle East connectivity

A general view shows the solar plant in Uyayna, north of Riyadh, on March 29, 2018. - On March 27, Saudi announced a deal with Japan's SoftBank to build the world's biggest solar plant. (Photo by FAYEZ NURELDINE / AFP) (Photo credit should read FAYEZ NURELDINE/AFP via Getty Images)

Regulations on Middle East renewable energy industry starting to take shape

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial