Skip to main content

Two killed in Iraq clashes after activist given prison term

Mourners transport the coffin of one of two protesters killed in clashes on Wednesday with security forces in the southern Iraqi city of Nasiriyah
— Nasiriyah (Iraq) (AFP)

Two protesters in the southern Iraqi city of Nasiriyah were killed Wednesday in clashes with security forces at a rally after an activist was handed a jail term, authorities said.

Haidar al-Zaidi, 20, was sentenced to three years over a tweet of disputed origin deemed insulting to a pro-Iran ex-paramilitary force, according to court documents seen by AFP Wednesday.

The verdict, which Zaidi can appeal, has sparked criticism on social media.

And on the streets on Nasiriyah -- the regional capital of Dhi Qar province and a flashpoint of anti-government protests -- hundreds gathered on Wednesday evening for a second day in a row.

The protesters deplored the jail term and also demanded compensation for demonstrators wounded by security forces in late 2019, an AFP correspondent said.

Riot police confronted the crowd in the central Habboubi Square with "brutal" force and "fired live ammunition", said demonstrator Mohammed al-Iraqi, who spoke to AFP at a morgue where dozens of relatives and friends of the two fatalities gathered.

Hussein Riyad, a spokesman for the Dhi Qar provincial health ministry, told AFP "two protesters were shot dead" in the clashes and 21 people were wounded, including five by gunfire.

Riyad said a police officer was among those wounded.

Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani ordered a security delegation be sent to the province "to investigate the casualties among the demonstrators."

The provincial administration castigated "infiltrators" among the demonstrators who threw Molotov cocktails against the army.

"What happened today was premeditated," it said in a statement.

- 'Impunity'

Protests have taken place in the wake of an activist being handed a three-year jail term for purportedly insulting an ex-paramilitary group

Zaidi was sentenced on Monday in the capital Baghdad over a post, long since deleted from his Twitter account, criticising Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the slain deputy commander of the former paramilitary Hashed al-Shaabi force.

Screen grabs of the disputed tweet were shared by accounts close to the Hashed.

The activist wrote on Facebook on Sunday that he faced charges of "insulting state institutions".

New York-based advocacy group Human Rights Watch (HRW) called for Zaidi's immediate release and urged Iraqi authorities not to use the courts to stifle criticism.

Muhandis was killed in a US drone strike in Baghdad in January 2020 alongside Iranian foreign operations commander General Qasem Soleimani.

He is revered as a martyr by the Hashed, a paramilitary group integrated into Iraq's security forces and whose political wing forms part of Iraq's ruling coalition.

Zaidi has denied he posted the tweet, claiming his account was hacked, according to HRW.

"Regardless of who posted the Twitter message, the Iraqi justice system should not be used as a tool to suppress peaceful criticism of the authorities or armed actors," said HRW's deputy Middle East director, Adam Coogle.

"It is a sad reflection on the rule of law in Iraq that an activist like Zaidi gets three years in prison for a Twitter post he says he didn't write while dozens of officials and armed groups enjoy impunity for killing activists and protesters."

On social media, users contrasted Zaidi's jail term with the recent release on bail of businessman Nour Zuhair Jassem, who is accused of fraudulently withdrawing a significant part of $2.5 billion in public funds that were allegedly stolen from a government account.

Nasiriyah was a bastion in a wave of anti-government protests that hit Iraq in late 2019 and were crushed by authorities in a bloody crackdown that killed more than 600 people.

The impoverished city has since seen rallies by young people demanding jobs in the public sector.

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

Already a Member? Sign in

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial