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Saudi cooperation with China continues with finalization of long-planned refinery deal

Saudi oil giant Aramco has made a few agreements with Chinese companies in recent years.
A flame from a Saudi Aramco oil installation known as "Pump 3" is seen in the desert near the oil-rich area of Khouris, 160 kilometers (99 miles) east of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, June 23, 2008.

Saudi’s state-owned oil company finalized a deal yesterday to built a major energy complex in China. 

Aramco made the “final investment decision” to develop a refinery and petrochemical complex in northeast China with the North Huajin Chemical Industries Group Corporation and Panjin Xincheng Industrial Group companies, the official Saudi Press Agency reported. 

One Aramco executive said that China is key to their plans to expand in Asia. 

“China is a cornerstone of our downstream expansion strategy in Asia and an increasingly significant driver of global chemical demand,” said Mohammed al-Qahtani, per the agency. 

A refinery is a facility that takes crude oil and turns it into materials that can be used to create energy. Crude oil is commonly converted into gasoline (petrol), which is a common petrochemical. 

Why it matters: The deal is the latest example of increasing cooperation between Saudi Arabia and China. The two states actually agreed to build the $10 billion facility back in 2019, but plans fell through in 2020 when oil prices plummeted. Discussions resumed this past February. 

Aramco has signed agreements with their Chinese counterparts before. In 2017, Aramco awarded a Chinese company the contract to build a port in the southwest Saudi city of Jizan. 

Cooperation has extended into other areas as well. China has become Saudi Arabia’s top trading partner. Last month, the Saudi government signed a training agreement with the Chinese cellphone maker Huawei. 

China-Saudi ties began in the 1980s, when Saudi Arabia reached out to the People’s Republic of China and bought weapons. 

China has also cultivated its relationship with Saudi Arabia’s Gulf ally the United Arab Emirates recently. 

Several Middle Eastern states have joined China’s Belt and Road Initiative for global infrastructure, including Saudi Arabia.

What’s next: The Aramco facility in China is expected to be operational in 2024. The deal is still pending some transaction documentation and regulatory approvals, according to the Saudi Press Agency.