Iran’s Guardian Council held its second meeting May 19 to review the qualifications of 592 candidates who registered to run for president, spokesman Abbasali Kadkhodaei said.
The Guardian Council consists of 12 members. Six members are clerics who are chosen directly by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, while the other six members are nominated by the judiciary chief and approved by parliament. The judiciary chief, Ebrahim Raisi, is one of the individuals who registered his name in the election. The council, which reviews and can veto any candidate running for president, has until next week to finish its work.
Iranian media has been full of speculation about which candidates would make the cut from the original list of 592 — including some 40 women — who registered their names at the Interior Ministry. The final number approved to run in the June 18 election could be as low as a dozen candidates. The council typically approves candidates who have a well-known work history and background.
The Tabnak News agency said the most likely names to be approved are judiciary chief Ebrahim Raisi, Expediency Council Secretary Mohsen Rezaei, former nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili, Vice President Eshag Jahangiri, former Defense Minister Hossein Dehghan, former parliament Speaker Ali Larijani, former Health Minister Masoud Pezeshkian, former head of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting Ezatollah Zarghami, Minister of Cooperatives, Labor and Welfare Mohammad Shariatmadari and central bank chief Abdolnaser Hemmati.
Of these candidates, Raisi and Larijani will likely be the final two candidates standing. Raisi is the favored candidate among conservatives, especially among conservative media. Raisi ran in the 2017 election against Hassan Rouhani and lost. He was later appointed as judiciary chief by Khamenei and given a broad hand to prosecute corruption, albeit selectively given that certain institutions and individuals in the country are immune from prosecution.
A Bultan News article said Raisi was not intending to run in the election but that a number of prominent figures continued to encourage him. The article said that Raisi even met with Khamenei to get his views on a potential presidential run and that Khamenei did not support or oppose the candidacy.
The article said one of the challenges for Raisi is that he is likely one of the candidates for the next supreme leader; Khamenei is 82. If Raisi, 60, becomes president and does not do a good job, then his chances of becoming the next supreme leader would be diminished. What the article did not mention is another scenario in which Raisi runs and loses again. This, too, would diminish his standing and hurt his chances of becoming the next supreme leader. The supreme leader is chosen by the 88 members of the Assembly of Experts.
Larijani, a former conservative politician turned moderate who turns 64 next month, will likely be the candidate Reformists fall behind. With prominent Reformist candidates essentially barred from running, those who want to play a role in the election will likely rally around Larijani, even though he may not be able to garner strong support among voters who typically would vote for the Reformist candidate.
Parliament Speaker Bagher Ghalibaf, a former Tehran mayor who many thought would run for president, did not register for the race.