President-elect Joe Biden has named career diplomat William Burns as his choice to be the next director of the Central Intelligence Agency. If confirmed, Burns would be the nation's first-ever spy chief with a resume consisting mainly of State Department experience.
“Bill Burns is an exemplary diplomat with decades of experience on the world stage keeping our people and our country safe and secure,” Biden said in a statement early Monday. “He shares my profound belief that intelligence must be apolitical and that the dedicated intelligence professionals serving our nation deserve our gratitude and respect."
Burns, 64, has held several senior leadership posts at the State Department under both Republican and Democratic presidents. Burns was the deputy secretary of state in the Barack Obama administration and undersecretary of state for political affairs before that. Burns also served as the US ambassador to Russia from 2005 to 2008, assistant secretary of state for near eastern affairs from 2001 to 2005 and ambassador to Jordan from 1998 to 2001.
He and Jake Sullivan, Biden’s choice for national security adviser, spearheaded the secret talks with Iran that led to the landmark nuclear agreement that Tehran and world powers reached in 2015. Biden has pledged to rejoin the pact, which outgoing President Donald Trump withdrew from in 2018, if Iran returns to strict compliance.
At an Al-Monitor event in September 2019, Burns described Trump’s withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal as a "foolish mistake" while making a powerful case for US diplomatic leadership in the region.
“What happens in Vegas stays in Vegas doesn’t apply in the Middle East,” he said, adding, “What happens there tends to spill over into the rest of the world.”
Burns retired from the State Department in 2014 to run the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a think tank in Washington. Burns has been vocal in his criticism of the Trump administration, penning several articles blasting what he’s described as Trump's war on diplomacy.
The veteran diplomat is the recipient of three Presidential Distinguished Service Awards and holds the highest civilian honors from the Pentagon and the US intelligence community. After earning his master’s and doctoral degrees in international relations from Oxford University, Burns entered the foreign service in 1982.
Burns’ selection is in line with Biden’s pattern of selecting career professionals and known quantities for top national security jobs in his administration. His nominee for secretary of state, Antony Blinken, is a longtime aide who held senior foreign policy posts under Obama. Biden tapped Avril Haines, another familiar face who served as the CIA's deputy director under Obama from 2013-2015, as his director of national intelligence.
Former CIA director under Obama John Brennan called Burns an “enlightened selection” with extensive experience working with the intelligence community.
“Bill Burns is one of the most principled & respected national security professionals of our time,” Brennan tweeted. “The CIA will be most fortunate to have him at the helm.”
Burns will replace Gina Haspel as CIA director if confirmed by the Senate. Haspel, the first woman to lead the intelligence agency, faced criticism in her confirmation hearings over the secret “black site” she ran in Thailand where al-Qaeda suspects were held under the CIA’s controversial “enhanced interrogation” program.
Michael Morell, a 30-year-veteran of the CIA and deputy director under Obama, was floated for the top job under Biden. Morell took himself out of the running amid progressive opposition, with Democratic Sen. Ron Wyden of Oregon and others calling attention to his previous defense of the CIA’s torture program and drone strikes.
Obama’s former national security adviser Tom Donilon and former CIA Deputy Director David Cohen were also reportedly under consideration to lead the agency.
Biden, who takes office in less than two weeks, has asked the Senate to quickly confirm his national security nominees. They’ll have a smoother path to confirmation after Georgia’s runoff races last week gave the Democrats narrow control of the upper chamber.