Skip to main content

Despite rumors, Iran says it's not surrendering share of Caspian Sea

In response to reports that the government was giving up too much of its control of the Caspian Sea, a former Iranian deputy foreign minister explained the latest on talks over the sea with Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Russia.
(L-R) Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani, Russia's President Vladimir Putin, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev and Turkmenistan's President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov attend a news conference during a summit of Caspian Sea regional leaders in the southern city of Astrakhan September 29, 2014. REUTERS/Alexei Nikolsky/RIA Novosti/Kremlin (RUSSIA - Tags: POLITICS) THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SE

Following various reports surfacing on the internet over Iran conceding too much of its share of the Caspian Sea, a senior Iranian diplomat has denied it, saying the inland lake is not a “watermelon” that must be divided into five equal parts.

In an interview Dec. 12, former Deputy Foreign Minister for Asia-Pacific Affairs Ebrahim Rahimpour stated that Iran’s status regarding its share of the Caspian Sea is “good.”

Prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Caspian Sea belonged only to Iran and Russia. But following the end of the Soviet Union, three new countries — Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan — joined the nations considering themselves shareholders of the Caspian Sea. Now the five countries are negotiating over their share of the world's largest inland body of water.

Rahimpour said that “50% of the sea in the northern part is divided between Russia and Kazakhstan, and this is not in our hands. In another part that is [related to] Iran, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan … Iran has the least [amount of] coast.”

Referring to the Iranian public’s negative reaction to rumors of a 20% Iranian share, the diplomat continued, “A number [of people] are making harsh, contentious and negative [remarks] and are stating in a way as if the four other countries are determined to ignore Iran’s rights. But this is not true. That is why [we have been negotiating for] 25 years [over this issue]. We could solve the issue in six months, [but] it is clear that views aren’t similar.”

Rahimpour added, “We still haven’t reached an agreement with [the four other countries] and especially the two neighboring countries [Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan] over the division [of the Caspian Sea], and we still have disagreements and our views aren’t identical.”

However, he also spoke of the agreements that have reportedly almost been reached with the other Caspian Sea states. “We have 12 agreements in place, and we are in agreement to prepare a few of these 12 to be signed in the [upcoming] leaders’ summit in Astara. Our top officials have concerns and expectations that are correct.”

According to the senior diplomat, the leaders’ summit will be probably be held in the northern Iranian city of Astara toward the end of the coming spring.

Noting Tehran’s relationships with Caspian Sea states, Rahimpour added, "We have two good neighbors in the Caspian Sea and two [directly] bordering neighbors. [Therefore, we have] four sea neighbors with good standards of understanding."

He continued, “Our president has met with [the leaders of] all four countries. He has met about 10 times with two countries’ [leaders] and about five times with the other two [Caspian Sea] countries, and these relations are not comparable to those we have with Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and some other countries of the Persian Gulf.” Rahimpour added, “The dispute we have in the Persian Gulf and to the south [of the country] doesn’t exist in the Caspian Sea.”

Dismissing a statement attributed to him on the internet about Iran’s 20% share of the Caspian Sea, the Iranian diplomat said, “The point is that our share of the Caspian Sea is not [like] a watermelon or melon that must be divided equally [between] five children.”

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

What's included:
Our Expertise AI-driven

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

All premium Industry Newsletters - Monitor the Middle East's most important industries. Prioritize your target industries for weekly review:

  • Capital Markets & Private Equity
  • Venture Capital & Startups
  • Green Energy
  • Supply Chain
  • Sustainable Development
  • Leading Edge Technology
  • Oil & Gas
  • Real Estate & Construction
  • Banking

Already a Member? Sign in

Start your PRO membership today.

Join the Middle East's top business and policy professionals to access exclusive PRO insights today.

Join Al-Monitor PRO Start with 1-week free trial