Israel Pulse

Israeli Labor chief’s anti-Arab strategy

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Article Summary
Comments of Israeli Labor chair Avi Gabbay against Israeli Arab Labor Knesset member Zouheir Bahloul reflects Gabbay’s strategy of abandoning left-wing values to seek right-wing votes.

Zionist Camp party leader Avi Gabbay and Knesset member Zouheir Bahloul exchanged accusations this week. But the clash between Gabbay and Bahloul, the feeble reconciliation they declared and the silence of the party’s legislators over Gabbay’s public hazing of Bahloul amount to a dangerous milestone in Jewish-Arab relations. They are also a stain on the annals of the veteran left-wing party, whose senior members lambasted Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu over his 2015 election day warning that the Arabs were “flocking in droves” to the ballot boxes, accusing him of incitement against the country’s Arab community.

The incitement against the Arab minority (21%) by Netanyahu, by Israel’s right-wing parties and even by centrist Yesh Atid party chair Yair Lapid (who coined a dismissive name for Arab legislators, calling them the “Zoabis” after controversial lawmaker Haneen Zoabi) is to be expected given their habit of translating Jewish-Arab alienation into populist name-calling. This week, Gabbay — who heads the left-leaning Labor Party and the Zionist Camp faction of which Labor is the senior member — contributed his part.

The highly publicized row started with Bahloul’s announcement that he does not intend to take part in the festive Knesset session marking the centenary of the Balfour Declaration, one of the cornerstones of the Jewish State. Bahloul offered a rational explanation of his decision, saying he had nothing to celebrate. “The Balfour Declaration gave you the right to self-determination, and I’m sure that anyone with half a brain understands that the people of Israel deserve self-determination, but what about my people? In addition to my Israeli identity, I also belong to my Palestinian identity. … I do not think it would be appropriate for me to participate as a free man in the festive session.”

Gabbay’s reaction was unambiguous and resounding, essentially making clear to Bahloul that he was persona non grata in the Labor Party. In media interviews and briefings, Gabbay pledged to remove from the Zionist Camp ticket “people who issue radical statements that do nothing to advance the interests of their constituents.” Gabbay appeared intent on turning his harsh message into a public hazing; otherwise, he would have chosen to take Bahloul to task privately. The powerful message seemed directed, too, at party Knesset members who meant to back Bahloul’s right to express a legitimate view.

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In one fell swoop, Gabbay wiped out years of effort by the Labor Party to draw in the country’s Arab voters, especially since the deep crisis engendered by the October 2000 rioting in which police shot dead 13 Arabs. As Labor Party chair in 2007, Amir Peretz took a historic step by appointing Knesset member Ghaleb Majadla as Israel’s first Arab Muslim government minister.

Gabbay does not seem overly interested in this chapter of Labor’s history, nor in the long-held opinions of experts and the Shin Bet security service that integrating the Arab community is a key to co-existence and to blocking radical trends that sometimes express themselves in acts of terror.

The integration of Israel’s Arab minority into the fabric of Israeli society is not simply a slogan. A joint future is critical for the continued existence of the State of Israel as an egalitarian democracy in the spirit of the 1948 Declaration of Independence.

For now, Gabbay, who sees himself as Israel’s next prime minister, is doing well in the polls. The question of what shape the country will take in a generation or two does not appear to interest him. Gabbay only has eyes for electoral trends and figures. For him, the Labor Party is simply a platform, and he therefore has no qualms about ruling out the participation of the Arab Joint List party, which represents most of the country’s Arab voters, as a partner in a future coalition he intends to head. That is also why he declared that there is no reason to uproot West Bank settlers for the sake of a future peace agreement with the Palestinians. Such statements are dramatic, coming from a man who heads a left-wing party and given that most of its members are silent for fear of retribution, going along with his unilateral ideological shift.

Bahloul is an Israeli Arab. Like most of his fellow Arabs, he feels a shared destiny with the Palestinians and identifies with their aspirations for self-determination and an independent state. It’s not a crime; it’s part of his complex identity and his membership in a minority group. Similar views show up systematically in almost every survey. Bahloul is not a Zionist, just as more than 1.5 million Israeli Arabs, who constitute one-fifth of the population, are not Zionists and do not identify with the Balfour Declaration.

Bahloul did not run for the Knesset on a Likud Party ticket. He chose to join the major Zionist left-wing party based on his assumption that the far smaller, leftist Meretz Party does not have any prospects of replacing the current rightist regime.

Bahloul, 66, has an impressive record of achievements as a journalist and sportscaster in the Israel Broadcasting Authority and other media. As a Knesset member, he continues to regularly report on football matches in fluent Hebrew. He is undoubtedly the personification of co-existence, even in the choice he made to enter politics in December 2014 as a member of a Zionist Party (and not of an Arab party, for example).

As expected, he came in for harsh criticism, contempt and incitement on the part of other Arab lawmakers. Knesset member Zoabi described his move as “humiliating,” but he explained his decision to join Labor as stemming from “a belief that this party could replace the Israeli right. One can only change reality from a position of power. I am creating a very important discourse and dialogue with the Jewish public, and I will take advantage of it to affect change.”

The conundrum presented by Gabbay since his surprise election in the July party primaries is nearing a solution: He wants to assume power, even at the price of changing the core values of the Labor Party and targeting Likud Party voters, those known as the “soft right.” Gabbay also reads poll results. He understands that after the wave of Palestinian violence against Israelis known as the individual intifada, which erupted in October 2015, more and more Israeli Jews regard their Arab compatriots as collaborators with the enemy. The leadership of the Arab community is not blameless, either, in deepening the alienation and radicalization, as reflected in their decision to boycott the funeral last year of late President Shimon Peres, the ultimate icon of peace (a decision that Bahloul harshly criticized). Is this, then, not the time and place for the Labor Party chair to display leadership and stem the deterioration of relations?

Gabbay is distancing himself from any leftist labeling, just as Yair Lapid has been doing. In this sense, he is a type of Netanyahu and Likud clone, and there is no one in his own party who will stand up to him. Under these circumstances, there does not appear to be room for Bahloul in the party he called home.

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Found in: yair lapid, zouheir bahloul, labor party, avi gabbay, zionist camp, israeli politics, israeli arabs

Mazal Mualem is a columnist for Al-Monitor's Israel Pulse and formerly the senior political correspondent for Maariv and Haaretz. She also presents a weekly TV show covering social issues on the Knesset channel. On Twitter: @mazalm3

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