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As Gaza war resumes, can Israel's plan to limit civilian harm succeed?

Under pressure from Washington, Israeli military officials say they are implementing options to limit further harm to civilians as they expand the military campaign to southern Gaza.
Smoke plumes billow during Israeli air strikes in Gaza City on October 12, 2023 as raging battles between Israel and the Hamas movement continue for the sixth consecutive day. Washington urged Israel to show restraint in its response to Hamas's surprise attack -- the worst in the country's 75-year history -- which Israeli forces said killed more than 1,200 people, mostly civilians. In Gaza, officials have reported more than 1,200 people killed in Israel's uninterrupted campaign of air and artillery strikes,

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“There is no scenario in which we don’t resume to fighting until the end,” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Wednesday. “This is my policy. The entire cabinet is behind it. The entire government is behind it.”

Like clockwork, Hamas launched rockets and the Israeli air force began striking targets in Gaza as the latest deadline to renew the truce expired on Friday morning, just hours after Washington’s top diplomat Antony Blinken visited Israel, where he conveyed to the country's war Cabinet Washington's expectations that it rein in the next phase of the war. 

Israeli top brass say surviving leaders of Hamas are now concentrated in the southern half of the Gaza Strip, signaling a significant expansion of the war, which has already killed 15,000 people, mostly women and children, the Hamas-run Health Ministry says, and displaced two-thirds of its population.

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