Skip to main content

'The earth shook': survivors recount Libya flood horror

A survivor sits on the rubble of a destroyed building in Derna, a city devastated by a tsunami-sized flash flood
— Derna (Libya) (AFP)

It was long past midnight when Abdel Moneim Awad al-Sheikh awoke to desperate screams from outside his home in the Libyan city of Derna, only to find his building engulfed by surging flood waters.

"I took nothing but my glasses and cellphone and fled as the waters shook the iron doors like an earthquake," recounted the 73-year-old survivor of the deadly disaster.

He and his family managed to escape from the first floor and rush up the stairs of the multi-storey building as the raging waters tore away the front door and swept it into the darkness.

From the top floor, they watched in horror as the tsunami-sized tidal wave swept away entire buildings, cars and the people inside them, washing untold numbers into the Mediterranean Sea.

The enormous flood, fuelled by torrential rains on September 10, had broken through two upstream dams and sent a giant wave crashing down the previously dry river bed, or wadi, that bisects the city of about 100,000 people.

Survivors look at the rubble of destroyed buildings in Libya's eastern city of Derna

A week on, thick mud cakes the devastated building where al-Sheikh and his wife lived, along with two of their sons and their families, in the city where the official death toll has climbed above 3,000.

- Scramble onto roof -

A member of an Algerian rescue team seen against the background of devastation in Derna where aid workers from several countries are trying to search for bodies or survivors

By the time they had reached the fourth floor that traumatic night, the water had temporarily begun to subside, but it was not the end of the nightmare, said al-Sheikh.

Roughly 20 minutes later, "my son yelled from upstairs and said another, bigger wave, about 20 metres (66 feet) high, is coming".

"We put up a wooden ladder and climbed up onto the second roof, where we stayed until after dawn."

As the sun rose over Derna, now an apocalyptic wasteland of shattered buildings and lives lost, a group of volunteers came to help them, most of them young men.

"One of them had lost his entire family," said al-Sheikh.

Derna has become a mud-caked wasteland of smashed buildings, crushed cars and uprooted trees with one resident saying "there is no life left"

Amid the chaos, the true death toll remains unknown, with the health minister of divided Libya's eastern administration, Othman Abdeljalil, saying 3,283 people were confirmed dead in Derna.

Libyan officials and humanitarian organisations have warned that the final toll could be much higher, with thousands still missing.

- 'Mountain of water' -

Many who survived the flood lost everything except their lives, their homes now only shells emptied of their contents.

Mohamed al-Zawi, 25, recalled that "all our furniture and things were moving" as water swirled through their home.

The first wave was only at pavement-level, but the second came "with strength", quickly reaching the second and then third floors of his building.

Libya: destruction in Derna

Zawi recalled seeing "a large mountain of water bringing with it cars, people, belongings... and pouring everything out into the sea".

Seated near what was once his home, the shock remains etched onto Zawi's face.

"We had received warnings a day earlier that strong rains were expected and that we should remain at home, but nothing else," he said.

UN experts have blamed the high death toll both on climatic factors and the legacy of Libya's war that has weakened its critical infrastructure, early warning systems and emergency response.

- 'I saw death' -

Zawi said that when he finally managed to come down from the roof, once the waters subsided, he saw "25 or 30 bodies" along the nearby streets.

He rushed to find shrouds for them, he said, before moving on to help the search for any survivors.

In the same neighbourhood, Mohamed Abdelhafiz, a Lebanese national who has lived in Derna for decades, recounted that "the earth shook" that night, and he initially though a quake had hit.

Rescue personnel recover a body from the rubble of a building in Derna in the aftermath of the devastating flood

"I saw death," the 50-year-old said, recalling how he had rushed out to his balcony only to find that the water had already reached it.

Standing at an empty window frame, days later, he pointed outside to the shattered city and said: "This whole area, from my house to the wadi, had three or four buildings."

"Now, there is nothing. The ground is just mud, as though there were never any buildings here."

Join hundreds of Middle East professionals with Al-Monitor PRO.

Business and policy professionals use PRO to monitor the regional economy and improve their reports, memos and presentations. Try it for free and cancel anytime.

Already a Member? Sign in


The Middle East's Best Newsletters

Join over 50,000 readers who access our journalists dedicated newsletters, covering the top political, security, business and tech issues across the region each week.
Delivered straight to your inbox.


What's included:
Our Expertise

Free newsletters available:

  • The Takeaway & Week in Review
  • Middle East Minute (AM)
  • Daily Briefing (PM)
  • Business & Tech Briefing
  • Security Briefing
  • Gulf Briefing
  • Israel Briefing
  • Palestine Briefing
  • Turkey Briefing
  • Iraq Briefing

Premium Membership

Join the Middle East's most notable experts for premium memos, trend reports, live video Q&A, and intimate in-person events, each detailing exclusive insights on business and geopolitical trends shaping the region.

$25.00 / month
billed annually

Become Member Start with 1-week free trial
What's included:
Our Expertise

Memos - premium analytical writing: actionable insights on markets and geopolitics.

Live Video Q&A - Hear from our top journalists and regional experts.

Special Events - Intimate in-person events with business & political VIPs.

Trend Reports - Deep dive analysis on market updates.

We also offer team plans. Please send an email to and we'll onboard your team.

Already a Member? Sign in