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2022 in review: Iran's Khamenei faces unprecedented challenge with protests, economic woes

Iran is limping into 2023 with a youth uprising that has taught existential fear to its once omnipotent theocracy.
Demonstrators, some hold banners with the image of Mahsa Amini, march by the federal chancellery in solidarity with protesters in Iran on October 15, 2022 in Berlin, Germany.(Photo by Omer Messinger/Getty Images)

Iran's protest movement has passed its 100th day on Sunday and is showing little signs of fizzling out. A new generation of bold youths disillusioned by the ruling theocracy and thirsty for a normal life is in the middle of a struggle that seems undeterred by crackdown, imprisonment and executions.

It all began on Sept. 16, when 22-year-old Mahsa Amini died in police custody for improperly wearing her hijab. Public fury at the suffocating dress code quickly tapped into long-unaddressed demands, crises that have been swept under the rug: human rights, civil freedoms, corruption and unemployment.

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