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Repression of women on rise in rebel-held Yemen

Experts say repression of women in Yemen is rampant after years of civil war
— Dubai (AFP)

Her voice shaking, 26-year-old Balqees recounts her ordeal at a Huthi rebel checkpoint in northern Yemen, where experts say repression of women is rampant after years of civil war.

"There is no limit to their shame," she said, asking to use a pseudonym for fear of reprisal.

The Huthis, from the Zaidi Shiite sect of Islam, whose traditional stronghold is Yemen's mountainous north, control the capital Sanaa as well as swathes of the country.

Yemen has long been a deeply conservative society, but the Iran-backed Huthis are enforcing their austere brand of Islam with an iron fist, witnesses say.

It is rare for women to speak out, but Balqees described how a Huthi official stopped her at a checkpoint leaving Sanaa when travelling by bus with female friends.

All were aged over 20 but Balqees said he referred to them as "minors".

"He was asking us questions and yelling," she said. "He accused us of violating public morality."

Balqees said they were dressed in modest clothes, but not the plain black flowing robes and face veil women have traditionally worn in Sanaa for decades, and which the Huthis prefer.

"He had a problem with the way we were dressed," she said, complaining their clothes were too colourful.

Violations of women's rights in Huthi-controlled areas grew "more acute" last year, according to Yemeni non-governmental organisation Mwatana for Human Rights.

The clampdown on freedoms includes prohibiting the use of contraception and restricting women's right to work, it said.

"The situation is bad for women all over the country, but it is worse in the areas under Huthi control," Mwatana's Noria Sultan told AFP.

- 'Imprison and humiliate' -

Yemeni women shop in the the Sanaa in March 2020. The capital is controlled by the Iran-backed Huthi rebels who have imposed their austere brand of Islam according to witnesses

One resident in Sanaa, also speaking on condition of anonymity, said rebels used the smallest apparent infringement of their rules as an excuse to "beat, imprison and humiliate women".

In Balqees's case, rebel officials also objected to the women travelling without a male guardian -- which although not law in Yemen, is demanded by Huthi forces. "It used to be normal for women to travel," she said.

When Balqees said she planned to cross the front lines to travel to the government-controlled southern port of Aden, things turned worse.

"He said, 'God willing, you'll be going to hell'," she said.

Huthi forces seized their identification papers and ordered them back to Sanaa.

"I felt like I was being interrogated like a criminal," she said, adding the soldiers were staring and leering at them in an unpleasant manner.

"If there were proper institutions, we could have insisted on our rights, but there's no one to complain to," she added. "It's humiliating."

Yemen's grinding civil war, which erupted in 2014 after the Huthis captured Sanaa, pits the rebels against the internationally recognised government, which is supported by a Saudi-led military coalition.

Hundreds of thousands of people have died as a direct or indirect consequence, and millions have been displaced, triggering what the United Nations calls the world's worst humanitarian crisis.

The Huthi authorities declined to respond to AFP requests for comment.