GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip — In the wake of the US withdrawal from the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) on June 19, Palestinian officials are looking forward to a more efficient European role that would serve the Palestinian cause.
Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah commented June 20 on the US move during a ceremony held for the national holidays of Europe's Scandinavian countries. The ceremony, attended by officials from Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark, was held in the city of Ramallah.
“Establishing peace and stability in the region and confronting incitement attempts against the rights of our people requires a strong, effective and unified European role. The European Union is able to place pressure on the occupying state, stop its violations and force it to abide by international resolutions, laws and agreements,” he said.
When US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley announced Washington’s withdrawal from the UNHRC, which was founded in 2006 in support of human rights around the world, she described the council as “hypocritical” and a “cesspool of political bias.”
The withdrawal followed Washington's failed efforts to reform the UNHRC and remove Israel's violations against Palestinians from the agenda of the UNHRC's last three annual sessions. Israel is the only country to which an entire agenda item is dedicated. The UNHRC has condemned Israeli violations against Palestinians, and Palestinians see it as a legal tool to prosecute Israel in international courts.
On May 18, the UNHRC condemned “the disproportionate and unrestrained use of force against civilians in the occupied Palestinian territories in the past weeks.” It also adopted a resolution with the support of 29 countries to form an international commission of inquiry and investigate "all violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law" committed by Israel against the Great Return March demonstrators.
This is not the first international organization that Washington has withdrawn from under US President Donald Trump. In October 2017, it withdrew from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) over what it termed the organization's anti-Israel bias. The United States does not recognize the legitimacy and legality of the resolutions issued by UNESCO against Israel.
Taysir Khaled, a member of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization, told Al-Monitor, “The US is launching a systematic attack on international institutions in order to provide political cover to Israel and ensure its impunity.” He went on, “But this withdrawal may be useful [for the Palestinian cause], as it will prompt neutral European countries such as Russia and France, which unlike the US are not hostile to the Palestinian people, to play a bigger role in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.”
Khaled said that concurrently with the US withdrawal from the UNHRC, Russia put forward its candidacy for membership of the UNHRC from 2021 to 2023. “The re-election of Russia at the UNHRC in light of the US’ absence may lead the UNHRC to play a better role in protecting human rights around the world,” he said.
The UNHRC consists of 47 member states, which are elected by the General Assembly. But during the October 2016 elections, Russia was denied membership of the council and has not been re-elected since. The date of the next UNHRC election is yet to be scheduled.
Salah Abdel Ati, the director of the Palestinian Center for Policy Research and Strategic Studies in Gaza, told Al-Monitor that the UNHRC resolutions that condemn Israel are not binding for Israel. However, he said, the resolutions are legally very important for Palestinians, explaining, “The resolutions issued by this council … can serve as supporting documents whenever Palestinians want to prosecute Israel before the International Criminal Court.”
Palestinian political analyst Talal Awkal told Al-Monitor, “The US withdrawal from the UNHRC is proof of the US and Israeli failure to keep the world from defending the rights of the Palestinians.” He explained, “The US is exploiting its presence in international institutions in order to defend Israel, so its withdrawal from these institutions is a good omen for Palestinians. I hope the US will also withdraw from other UN institutions such as the UN Security Council.”
Awkal continued, “The US withdrawal allows countries like France, Russia and Britain, which are not biased toward Israel, to have a bigger role in protecting the UNHRC system. This system condemns Israel's crimes against our people. And if Israel continues to fail to comply with the UNHRC resolutions, then these countries will place pressure on Israel to force it to comply with such resolutions. These countries may even go so far as to reduce their [diplomatic] and commercial relations with Israel.”
Wadih Abu Nassar, a political analyst specializing in Israeli affairs and the director of the International Center for Consultations in Haifa, told Al-Monitor that Washington's withdrawal from the UNHRC will harm Israel at the international level.
“The UNHRC resolutions contribute to developing international opinion on international issues, but the withdrawal step taken by Washington, which is considered the most prominent defender of Israel in the UNHRC, will allow the adoption of more international resolutions in favor of the Palestinian cause. This, in turn, will lead to bigger international sympathy with the Palestinians,” he said, adding, “Washington’s move will strengthen the fight against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories and will enhance the economic boycott of Israeli settlements.”