2001: Voted for the Authorization for Use of Military Force after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, which became the basis for counterterrorism operations in the Middle East.
2009: Voted to prevent President Barack Obama from releasing Guantanamo Bay detainees.
2013: Voted against easing restrictions on transferring detainees out of Guantanamo Bay.
2015: Vowed to continue the US drone program, but has raised concerns about civilian casualties.
August 2019: Endorsed repealing the 2001 military authorization, which serves as the legal basis for counterterrorism operations in the region.
2015: Accused Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Qatar of doing too little to fight the Islamic State due to their preoccupation with Yemen's Houthis.
2016: Voted to block a $1 billion tank sale to Saudi Arabia.
2017: Voted to block a $500 million missile sale to Saudi Arabia.
2018: Called for sanctions on Saudi Arabia for the murder of Jamal Khashoggi.
2018: Voted to block a $300 million missile sale to Bahrain.
May 2019: Passed a war powers resolution to end US support for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen but failed to gain enough votes to override President Trump's veto.
June 2019: Voted to block a $750 million missile sale to Bahrain.
June 2019: Voted to block a $3 billion sale of attack helicopters to Qatar.
June 2019: Voted to block $8 billion in arms transfers to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
July 2019: Criticized Saudi Arabia for treating women "like third-class citizens."
July 2019: Vowed to "sit down in a room" for negotiations with Saudi leadership.
July 2019: Accused Saudi Arabia of trying to "drag the US into a conflict with Iran" and said Riyadh needs to be "part of the solution" to regional stability.
2007: Voted against declaring the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps a terrorist organization.
2010: Voted for more Iran sanctions.
2015: Voted in favor of the nuclear deal.
2017: Voted along with only one other senator against additional Iran sanctions.
2018: Opposed President Trump's withdrawal from the nuclear deal and supports reentering the agreement.
June 2019: Voted to prohibit funding for military action against Iran absent congressional authorization.
July 2019: Vowed to "sit down in a room" for negotiations with Iranian leadership.
1991: Voted against the first Gulf War.
1998: Opposed President Bill Clinton's airstrikes against Iraq.
2002: Voted against the Authorization for Use of Military Force in Iraq.
2007: Opposed President George W. Bush's troop surge in Iraq and called for US withdrawal.
2007: Voted for the Biden resolution calling for a federalized Iraq along sectarian and ethnic lines.
2015: Supported President Obama's airstrikes against the Islamic State but called for limits on US ground troops.
1995: Voted against moving the US Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
2016: Skipped AIPAC's annual conference during his presidential bid to deliver a speech in Utah criticizing Israel's occupation of the West Bank, its blockade of the Gaza Strip and its 2014 military offensive against Hamas.
2017: Voted for a pro-Israel resolution in favor of moving the US Embassy to Jerusalem.
2017: Floated military aid cuts to Israel in an interview with The Intercept.
2017: Co-signed a letter to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urging him not to demolish a West Bank village and opposing settlement expansion.
2018: Opposed President Trump's relocation of the US Embassy to Jerusalem.
2018: Opposed President Trump's elimination of Palestinian aid.
2018: Condemned Israel for firing on Palestinians during Gaza border protests.
2018: Endorsed by liberal lobbying group J Street for his Senate reelection bid.
2018: Labelled Prime Minister Netanyahu's government "racist."
February 2019: Voted against anti-BDS legislation over free speech concerns.
July 2019: Endorsed using military aid to Israel as leverage to change the government's behavior.
July 2019: Vowed to "sit down in a room" for negotiations with Israeli and Palestinian leadership.
September 2019: Condemned Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's plan to annex parts of the West Bank.
2003: Voted for Syria sanctions package.
2013: Expressed skepticism of President Obama's push to arm Syrian opposition groups against President Bashar al-Assad.
2013: Supported President Obama's UN-backed deal with Russia to remove chemical weapons from Syria.
2014: Supported US airstrikes against the Islamic State but voiced "concerns" over arming Syrian opposition groups in the fight.
2017 & 2018: Denounced the Trump administration's strikes against Assad's forces as "illegal and unauthorized.”
February 2019: Voted against a resolution warning President Trump against precipitously withdrawing troops from Syria.
Matt Duss entered the foreign policy world as a writer in the liberal blogosphere, focusing on the Middle East, US military intervention, Islamophobia and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. After working as a staffer for the Center for American Progress, Duss become the national security editor for the liberal think tank’s blog — ThinkProgress — in 2008. ThinkProgress’ pro-Palestinian stances under Duss drew the ire of pro-Israel groups, prompting him to accuse the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and the hawkish Foundation for Defense of Democracies of orchestrating a coordinated opposition campaign against the blog. Duss became president of the pro-Palestinian Foundation for Middle East Peace in 2014, leaving ThinkProgress three years after Neera Tanden, a staunch pro-Israel supporter and Bernie Sanders critic, took charge of the Center for American Progress.
As Bernie Sanders’ failed 2016 campaign against Hillary Clinton wound down, the senator tapped Duss to argue in favor of singling out Israel’s occupation of the West Bank in the Democratic party’s 2016 platform. (Clinton’s rival pro-Israel delegates ultimately won out, forestalling any reference to the occupation.) Sanders hired Duss as his Senate foreign policy adviser in 2017, where he has spearheaded the lawmaker’s efforts to end US involvement in the Yemen war.
The son of an Egyptian-born Jewish journalist and an American who worked for the UN delegation of Algeria’s National Liberation Front, Robert Malley attended Harvard Law School with President Barack Obama. After clerking for Supreme Court Justice Byron White from 1991 to 1992, Malley became a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, focusing on Algeria. President Bill Clinton tapped Malley to serve as the National Security Council’s director for democracy, human rights and humanitarian affairs in 1994. He went on to become the executive assistant to national security adviser Sandy Berger in 1996 and then served as Clinton’s special assistant for Arab-Israeli affairs from 1998 to 2001.
During the George W. Bush administration, Malley became the International Crisis Group’s program director for the Middle East and North Africa, where he continued to focus on Arab-Israeli affairs, US policy in Iraq and Islamist movements. Malley briefly served as an informal adviser to Obama during his 2008 presidential bid. But the campaign severed ties with him after reports emerged that Malley had met with Hamas officials as part of his work for the International Crisis Group. That didn’t stop Obama from tapping him as the National Security Council’s coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa and the Gulf in 2014. In that role, he served as the White House’s lead negotiator for the Iran nuclear deal and became Obama’s point man for the campaign against the Islamic State. After leaving the Obama White House, Malley returned to the International Crisis Group as its president and CEO. He also sits on the advisory boards for Foreign Policy for America and National Security Action, two liberal advocacy groups dominated by former Obama administration officials.
Suzanne DiMaggio has nearly two decades of experience in back-channel diplomacy with private individuals in countries that do not enjoy formal relations with the United States government, particularly Iran and North Korea. A specialist in the Middle East, Asia, arms control and nonproliferation, DiMaggio is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and an associate senior fellow at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. She is joining Andrew Bacevich, the non-interventionist academic and Trita Parsi, the former president of the National Iranian American Council, in co-founding an anti-war think tank – the Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft – which is expected to set up shop in November 2019.
After establishing a long-running dialogue between Iranians and Americans in 2002, she joined the New America Foundation in 2014 as the director of the think tank’s US-Iran initiative, which aimed to improve relations between Washington and Tehran. Prior to that she served as the vice president of global policy programs at the Asia Society from 2007 to 2014, the vice president of policy programs at the United Nations Association of the USA from 1998 to 2007 and a program officer at the United Nations University from 1993 to 1998.