Lebanon Pulse

Israel shows restraint in Hezbollah retaliation

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Article Summary
Hezbollah’s attack on an Israeli patrol in Lebanon’s occupied Shebaa Farms was expected to break into an all-out war on Lebanon, but sources told Al-Monitor that Israel was asked not to engage in such a war.

Hezbollah did not wait long to carry out its threat and retaliate against the Israeli raid that targeted one of its convoys in the occupied Golan Heights on Dec. 18. At 11:25 a.m. Jan. 28, Hezbollah launched a rocket attack on an Israeli patrol in Lebanon’s occupied Shebaa Farms, and followed it with a communique titled “Statement No. 1,” in which it took responsibility for the operation executed by the Quneitra Martyrs Brigade. In response, Israel waited more than five hours before confirming the attack, admitting that two of its soldiers were killed and seven others wounded.

As a result of the operation, the prevailing question on all regional parties thus became: “Will Israel embark on a wide-scale escalation in response to Hezbollah’s attack? Will the southern Lebanon arena become the scene of an all-out war, as was the case on July 12, 2006, when Hezbollah executed an operation against the Israeli army, and captured two of its soldiers?

A Lebanese government official, who requested anonymity, affirmed that the prevailing trend indicated a de-escalation of the situation; and that all signs pointed to Tel Aviv refraining from opening its northern front. Among those indications mentioned by our source were the following.

The Israeli army, thus far, contented itself with shelling woodlands most probably used by Hezbollah to attack the Israeli military convoy or withdraw after the operation. In other words, the Israeli army did not rush to bomb public installations, roads and bridges as it did in the summer of 2006. It did not appear to be trying to cut off lines of communication between different regions or strike at vital areas as a prelude to a wider-scale offensive.

Tel Aviv employed a two-pronged media tactic: It imposed a blackout concerning the army’s loses, and then delayed for hours any announcement pertaining to the number of casualties. This tactic aimed at mitigating the impact of the blow and alleviating its effect on Israeli public opinion, in such a manner that Israeli authorities would not be pressured by their populace to respond, in a clear departure from the exaggerated and immediate media campaigns that Israel began whenever it intended to embark on a wide-scale response.

Israel resorted to the United Nations, a remarkable and rare occurrence when compared with its behavior on previous such instances. For, historically, Israel would be the initiator of strikes against Lebanon, which would content itself with filing a complaint in that regard in New York. Israel’s adoption of UN procedures this time around indicated that it was trying to absorb the blow and transform the response from a military to an international diplomatic one.

Does that mean that Israeli officials were inclined to accept Hezbollah’s affront and acquiesce to the logic of eye for an eye, meaning the Shebaa Farms attack in response to the Quneitra raid, without going further? Many factors bolster this presumption.

  • The Israeli authorities’ concern about the negative repercussions of a second Lebanese war on upcoming election results. Embarking on a new war of attrition along the northern border with the possibility of falling victim to new military surprises unleashed by Hezbollah against Israeli forces — as was the case in previous confrontations — would diminish the chances of electoral victory by the current administration; this was the case with previous Israeli administrations, in their wars against Lebanon in July 1993, April 1996 and July 2006, when the Israeli party leading those wars lost subsequent elections.
  • Iran clearly entering the fray through public statements affirming its support for Hezbollah in any potential confrontation with Israel, a stance that Tel Aviv must take into account militarily, particularly because Iran had a presence on the other side of Israel’s northern front with Syria. In addition, Israel can ill afford to ignore the political repercussions of said stance, in light of the negotiations underway between the United States and Iran, as well as the repercussions on the whole region, and world peace as a whole, of any conflict in which Iran was a direct participant.
  • This leads us to the final factor, which seems to be contributing to Israel absorbing the blow. For the aforementioned Lebanese official affirmed to us that Beirut authorities had received definitive information indicating that Washington was vigorously seeking to curb any response, and prevent a new war with Lebanon.

Whatever the case, it is certain that the coming few hours will reveal Israel’s true intentions in this regard. What is also likely, though, is that the events of the last 10 days, in Syria’s Quneitra and Lebanon’s Shebaa Farms area, will allow Hezbollah’s Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah to make a televised appearance on Jan. 30 to commemorate the death of Hezbollah fighters in the Quneitra raid, announce his party’s victory in this new round in the conflict with Israel and repeat to the audience his famous words: “As I always promised you victory, I now promise you victory once again!”

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Found in: terrorist attacks, shebaa, reprisals, lebanon, israel, hezbollah, golan heights

Jean Aziz is a columnist at the Lebanese newspaper Al-Akhbar, a contributor for Al-Monitor's Lebanon Pulse and the host of a weekly political talk show on OTV, a Lebanese television station. He teaches communications at the American University of Technology and the Université Saint-Esprit De Kaslik in Lebanon. On Twitter: @JeanAziz1

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