Ambitious Macron wants aid and change for battered Lebanon

By AFP | Aug 7, 2020

al-monitor

French President Emmanuel Macron has set the bar high in its strategy on Lebanon after the port blast that devastated Beirut, upping the pressure on the country's political elite by not just promising aid but also demanding radical reform.

Macron's visit to the capital on Thursday, just two days after the blast that left over 150 people dead and left

hundreds of thousands without homes, was one of the most visually symbolic moments of his three years in power.

He rubbed shoulders with ordinary people on the streets of Beirut in a way no Lebanese leader has done, expressing empathy with their anger over corruption and inefficiency which has been intensified to new levels by the blast.

Macron, who made clear his visit was to express solidarity with the people and not politicians, emphasised that Lebanon needed more than aid.

He said the country required "deep" change and a "new political order" to resolve years of political and economic crisis.

Lebanese in the streets of Beirut, many of whom are tired of political powerbrokers whose influence dates back to the 1975-1990 civil war, chanted slogans against their leaders and "Vive La France!" as Macron inspected the devastation.

Analysts and media said his visit had upstaged President Michel Aoun and Prime Minister Hassan Diab, already under immense pressure over why a giant stock of ammonium nitrate blamed for the blast was allowed to rot in the Beirut port for years.

Macron can now take what he sees as the natural role for France in leading the recovery of Lebanon, which was under French mandate from 1920 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire until independence in 1943.

"Eight historic hours of Macron the saviour that shook the authorities," said the Lebanese daily Al-Nahar.

"Macron in Lebanon; Hope and slaps in the face," for the authorities, added the French language daily l'Orient-Le jour.

'Strong signal from Europe'

Macron, the first world leader to visit Beirut after the explosion, now plans as early as this weekend to host virtually an aid conference aimed at drumming up rapid help for Lebanon.

The blast has left over 150 people dead (photo by: -/AFP/File)

"Lebanon remains the principal stage where France has important weight," said Ziad Majed, professor at the American University of Paris.

"France speaks to all the Lebanese actors, unlike a good number of Europeans and the Americans, and also speaks to the regional actors including the Iranians and Arabs from the Gulf", he told AFP.

Even the German weekly Der Spiegel was impressed how Macron had seized the initiative and also stolen a march on the United States.

"It's a strong signal from Europe," it said, adding that France was "the only country in the EU which has true geopolitical ambition and which displays it."

'Regional parameters'

But despite the rapturous welcome in Beirut -- a refreshing break for a president who has struggled in popularity ratings at home -- Macron is still regarded by some with suspicion as the head of Lebanon's former colonial power.

And while France's historic and linguistic ties with Lebanon still give Paris clout, Macron will have to deal not only with the Lebanese leadership but also Iran and its regional foe Saudi Arabia who hold immense sway over the Shia and Sunni communities in the multi-confessional nation.

Aid has been pouring in to Lebanon (photo by: François WALSCHAERTS/AFP/File)

Iran wields great influence in Lebanon through the Shiite group Hezbollah, with whom Aoun's own Christian faction has an alliance.

"Macron has nothing to give us except lessons that reflect a paternalistic mentality," said the daily Al-Akhbar, believed close to Hezbollah.

One of Macron's key pleas -- for an international probe into the blast -- already appeared to have fallen on deaf ears Friday when Aoun rejected such an investigation.

Stephane Malsagne, a historian specialised in Lebanon, said Macron had to deal with regional factors over which he has lesser influence, notably the role of Iran.

"Political stability in Lebanon does not just depend on its political class but on regional parameters," he said.