President Donald Trump's son-in-law and the US's top military officer met with Kurdish leaders in Arbil on Tuesday, the second day of their visit to Iraq.
His inclusion in the US delegation is a sign of the influence wielded by Jared Kushner, a 36-year-old with no prior government experience who has become one of the most powerful men in Washington by virtue of his family connection to Trump.
Kushner -- whose wife Ivanka also plays a key role in advising her father -- accompanied General Joseph Dunford, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, on a visit to Baghdad before heading to Arbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region.
Kushner and Dunford met in Arbil with officials including Kurdish leader Massud Barzani, regional prime minister Nechirvan Barzani and Masrour Barzani, the chancellor of the region's security council.
As in the Trump administration, family ties can translate into senior posts in Iraqi Kurdish government: Nechirvan is Massud's nephew, while Masrour is the Kurdish chief's son.
A post on Masrour Barzani's official Twitter account described the meeting as "productive", saying the officials discussed the war against the Islamic State group "and plans for the day after."
What comes after major operations against the jihadists are over will be especially contentious in north Iraq, where the Kurdish region and Baghdad both claim territory that has been retaken from IS.
Kushner and White Ho use homeland security adviser Tom Bossert were travelling with Dunford at the general's invitation, according to US Navy Captain Greg Hicks.
Conflict of interest concerns
The day before, Dunford and Kushner met with Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and Defence Minister Irfan al-Hayali in Baghdad to discuss the anti-IS war.
Iraqi forces launched a major operation to retake second city Mosul from IS in October, recapturing its eastern side before setting their sights on its smaller but more densely-populated west.
The grinding battle for west Mosul has taken a heavy toll on civilians, killing and wounding hundreds and pushing more than 200,000 to flee their homes.
The United States is leading an international coalition that is carrying out air strikes against IS and providing other support to forces fighting the jihadists in both Iraq and Syria.
The coalition has admitted that it "probably" played a role in recent civilian casualties in the city, but has sought to place responsibility for the deaths on IS, saying the jihadists are gathering civilians together and seeking to provoke strikes.
Valued by Trump for his discretion and loyalty, 36-year-old Kushner is officially a White House senior adviser with far-reaching influence over domestic and foreign policy.
Among other responsibilities, Trump has tapped Kushner to play a leading role in efforts to secure an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal -- something that has eluded experienced policymakers for decades.
A regular presence in the White House since Trump's election, his 35-year-old daughter and Kushner's wife Ivanka has officially become an assistant to the president amid concerns over possible conflicts of interest involving the couple's business interests, which are worth hundreds of millions of dollars.