The US military has slashed the number of intelligence advisers directly supporting the Saudi-led coalition's air war in Yemen, the US Navy said Saturday, following concerns over civilian casualties.
The reassignment of personnel, around June, came because "there was not the same sort of requests coming in for assistance", Fifth Fleet spokesman Lieutenant Ian McConnaughey told AFP from its base in Bahrain.
Saudi Arabia has faced repeated criticism from rights groups over civilian casualties in its 17-month campaign against rebels in Yemen.
US officials have regularly urged their major Middle East ally to avoid harming non-combatants.
But McConnaughey said the US reassignment of personnel does not affect their ability to support the Saudis and is more efficient.
"That's the main reason behind it, and it's based on the amount of requests that we receive from the Saudis."
He said the United States now has "a limited number, less than five, that are working directly on the advisory cell that we have here" in Bahrain.
That number is down from about 45, in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, at its peak.
"If the need arises," the team directly assigned to coalition cooperation could be increased, he said.
The joint cell was established around the start of coalition operations in March last year, McConnaughey said.
The Arab coalition began air raids and later sent in ground forces to support the internationally recognised government of President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi after Shiite Huthi rebels and their allies overran much of Yemen.
Saudi Arabia says the rebels are backed by its Shiite regional rival Iran. 1
A member of the Yememi government forces in the back of an armed vehicle in Zinjibar on August 16, 2016 (photo by: Saleh al-Obeidi/AFP)
The coalition has told AFP it uses highly accurate laser- and GPS-guided weapons -- many supplied by the US -- and verifies targets many times to avoid civilian casualties.
Yet allegations of strikes on civilian facilities have continued.
Human Rights Watch said Friday that US Secretary of State John Kerry should raise concerns with Riyadh about "repeated violations of the laws of war by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen that have killed many civilians".
Paris-based Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has accused the coalition of "indiscriminate bombings" and said it had lost confidence in the alliance's ability to prevent fatal attacks on its premises.
A US Defence Department spokesman said Saturday Washington's support for the coalition was not a "blank check". 2
Tens of thousands of Yemeni civilians are said to be caught in the fierce and protracted battle for Taez (photo by: Ahmad Al- Basha/AFP/File)
"The cooperation that we've extended to Saudi Arabia since the conflict escalated again is modest and it is not a blank check," Adam Stump said.
"At no point did US military personnel provide direct or implicit approval of target selection."
The coalition stepped up air strikes this month after UN-mediated peace talks between the rebels and the internationally backed government were suspended.
The rebels have retaliated with cross-border attacks.
Rockets fired into the southern Saudi city of Najran on Saturday killed a civilian, the kingdom's civil defence agency said.
Seven civilians were killed in shelling in the same city last Tuesday.
Meanwhile, the rebel-controlled Saba news agency reported three civilians killed in a coal ition raid on Saturday near the Huthi-held capital Sanaa.
It also said there was a huge demonstration in Sanaa in support of the rebels and their allies, forces loyal to ousted president Ali Abdullah Saleh. 3
A sniper from the Yemeni security forces watches over a gathering in support of the Huthi-led parliament, in the capital Sanaa on August 20, 2016 (photo by: Mohammed Huwais/AFP)
It called the demonstration "the most imposing in the history of Yemen" and said millions of people attended, a figure difficult to verify independently.
Protesters chanted slogans in favour of a new council appointed by the rebels and their allies to run the country.
Salah al-Sammad, head of the council, called on the international community to "respect the will of the Yemeni people".
MSF decided to withdraw staff from six hospitals in Yemen after 19 people died in an air raid last Monday on a hospital it supported in the rebel-held northern province of Hajja.
That was the fourth and deadliest attack yet on an MSF facility during the war, the charity said.
US State Department spokeswoman Elizabeth Trudeau expressed deep concern after reports of the hospital strike.
A coalition team is conducting "independent" probes into the strike and an air raid two days earlier on a Koranic school that MSF said killed 10 children.
McConnaughey said US cooperation with Saudi Arabia mostly involves "imagery that allows them to better assess the situation on the ground, and then advice and assistance".
The Fifth Fleet spokesman said intelligence is still being provided to the Saudis who are the ultimate decision-makers.
"The final decision on targets is up to them," he said.