A vibrant democracy, Israel boasts a diverse and dynamic media environment that is a mirror image of its political culture. The country's dozen daily newspapers - published in Hebrew, Arabic and Russian - have traditionally been an ideological arena, where voices from numerous political backgrounds debate a wide array of issues. Due to a culture of directness in speech, the incisive discussions may sound and seem strange to a non-Israeli readership.
Israel is a plural society, built from pre-state inhabitants – Arabic Muslims and Christians, Druze, Bedouins, and Jews - and many waves of Jewish migrants, who are deeply involved and fiercely opinionated citizens. With its multiple facets: Seculars versus Religious, left versus right, Zionists versus non-Zionists were they Jewish or not, Israeli Jews versus Israeli-Arabs/Palestinians; each of these groups have a clear vision of what Israel's future should be, which rarely overlaps with those of the others. And the press, largely free from censorship, is the main locus of these intriguing debates.