El-Khabar What challenges will Mohammed Morsi face in the coming period?
Mohammed Habib There are many challenges facing the president. First, he must establish a state of law and implement court orders to ensure safety and security. He must be conciliatory toward all Egyptians. There are many crises in Egypt, and in order to overcome them, he must make concerted [public] efforts towards unity in order to build a nation and restore confidence among political parties and among the general public.
EK And what challenges will Morsi face outside Egypt?
Habib There are several Arab countries that he must approach with caution, let alone the US administration, the Israeli entity, and the EU, who are keen to maintain the situation as it is in order to support the US-Zionist project.
EK Is the Provisional Constitution an obstacle for Morsi?
Habib The Provisional Constitution includes several impediments which prevent the president-elect from exercising any control over the military. As per the Provisional Constitution, the president’s powers are very limited and the president remains isolated from what is happening.
EK Will the next phase witness conflicts between the military and the president-elect?
Habib I do not think so. The new constitution consists of two forces: first is the military, represented by the Military Council, which is the most powerful party in the equation. The president and the people constitute the second force, which is somewhat weak. Therefore, the most powerful party will impose its own rules and terms. As for the president, he must win the people’s support, because the Egyptian people voted for Morsi. Morsi must, however, bear in mind that the 12 million Egyptians who voted for Shafiq may incite civil unrest and consequently destabilize security conditions. Basically, Morsi should not start off on the wrong foot.
EK Rumor has it that Morsi is resolved to take oath before the dissolved parliament instead of the Constitutional Court?
Habib This will cause problems with the military council. According to the first article of the Provisional Constitution, the president must take his oath before the Constitutional Court if the parliament is dissolved. In other words, the president’s failure to take oath accordingly is an outright breach of the Constitution.
EK Do you think that calm will return to Egypt after Morsi takes office?
Habib I do not think so. There are several challenges ahead, namely reconciliation, making joint efforts, and trying to heal wounds. Egypt will need several surgeries to recover from its trauma.